Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: A multicohort study and meta-analysis

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Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes : A multicohort study and meta-analysis. / Xu, Tianwei; Magnusson Hanson, Linda L; Lange, Theis; Starkopf, Liis; Westerlund, Hugo; Madsen, Ida E. H.; Rugulies, Reiner; Pentti, Jaana; Stenholm, Sari; Vahtera, Jussi; Hansen, Åse M; Kivimäki, Mika; Rod, Naja H.

I: Diabetologia, Bind 61, Nr. 1, 01.2018, s. 75-83.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Xu, T, Magnusson Hanson, LL, Lange, T, Starkopf, L, Westerlund, H, Madsen, IEH, Rugulies, R, Pentti, J, Stenholm, S, Vahtera, J, Hansen, ÅM, Kivimäki, M & Rod, NH 2018, 'Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: A multicohort study and meta-analysis', Diabetologia, bind 61, nr. 1, s. 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3

APA

Xu, T., Magnusson Hanson, L. L., Lange, T., Starkopf, L., Westerlund, H., Madsen, I. E. H., ... Rod, N. H. (2018). Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: A multicohort study and meta-analysis. Diabetologia, 61(1), 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3

Vancouver

Xu T, Magnusson Hanson LL, Lange T, Starkopf L, Westerlund H, Madsen IEH o.a. Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: A multicohort study and meta-analysis. Diabetologia. 2018 jan;61(1):75-83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3

Author

Xu, Tianwei ; Magnusson Hanson, Linda L ; Lange, Theis ; Starkopf, Liis ; Westerlund, Hugo ; Madsen, Ida E. H. ; Rugulies, Reiner ; Pentti, Jaana ; Stenholm, Sari ; Vahtera, Jussi ; Hansen, Åse M ; Kivimäki, Mika ; Rod, Naja H. / Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes : A multicohort study and meta-analysis. I: Diabetologia. 2018 ; Bind 61, Nr. 1. s. 75-83.

Bibtex

@article{17f575c35b1e427bbef891b9acf7ba89,
title = "Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes: A multicohort study and meta-analysis",
abstract = "AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this multicohort study was to examine whether employees exposed to social stressors at work, such as workplace bullying and violence, have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.METHODS: The study included 45,905 men and women (40-65 years of age and free of diabetes at baseline) from four studies in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Workplace bullying and violence were self-reported at baseline. Incident diabetes was ascertained through national health and medication records and death registers. Marginal structural Cox models adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, marital status and educational level were used for the analyses.RESULTS: Nine per cent of the population reported being bullied at work and 12{\%} were exposed to workplace violence or threats of violence. Bullied participants had a 1.46 (95{\%} CI 1.23, 1.74) times higher risk of developing diabetes compared with non-bullied participants. Exposure to violence or threats of violence was also associated with a higher risk of diabetes (HR 1.26 [95{\%} CI 1.02, 1.56]). The risk estimates attenuated slightly when taking BMI into account, especially for bullying. The results were similar for men and women, and were consistent across cohorts.CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We found a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes among employees exposed to bullying or violence in the workplace. Further research is needed to determine whether policies to reduce bullying and violence at work may reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in working populations. Research on the mechanisms is also highly warranted.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Tianwei Xu and {Magnusson Hanson}, {Linda L} and Theis Lange and Liis Starkopf and Hugo Westerlund and Madsen, {Ida E. H.} and Reiner Rugulies and Jaana Pentti and Sari Stenholm and Jussi Vahtera and Hansen, {{\AA}se M} and Mika Kivim{\"a}ki and Rod, {Naja H}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "75--83",
journal = "Diabetologia",
issn = "0012-186X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Workplace bullying and violence as risk factors for type 2 diabetes

T2 - A multicohort study and meta-analysis

AU - Xu, Tianwei

AU - Magnusson Hanson, Linda L

AU - Lange, Theis

AU - Starkopf, Liis

AU - Westerlund, Hugo

AU - Madsen, Ida E. H.

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

AU - Pentti, Jaana

AU - Stenholm, Sari

AU - Vahtera, Jussi

AU - Hansen, Åse M

AU - Kivimäki, Mika

AU - Rod, Naja H

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this multicohort study was to examine whether employees exposed to social stressors at work, such as workplace bullying and violence, have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.METHODS: The study included 45,905 men and women (40-65 years of age and free of diabetes at baseline) from four studies in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Workplace bullying and violence were self-reported at baseline. Incident diabetes was ascertained through national health and medication records and death registers. Marginal structural Cox models adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, marital status and educational level were used for the analyses.RESULTS: Nine per cent of the population reported being bullied at work and 12% were exposed to workplace violence or threats of violence. Bullied participants had a 1.46 (95% CI 1.23, 1.74) times higher risk of developing diabetes compared with non-bullied participants. Exposure to violence or threats of violence was also associated with a higher risk of diabetes (HR 1.26 [95% CI 1.02, 1.56]). The risk estimates attenuated slightly when taking BMI into account, especially for bullying. The results were similar for men and women, and were consistent across cohorts.CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We found a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes among employees exposed to bullying or violence in the workplace. Further research is needed to determine whether policies to reduce bullying and violence at work may reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in working populations. Research on the mechanisms is also highly warranted.

AB - AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this multicohort study was to examine whether employees exposed to social stressors at work, such as workplace bullying and violence, have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.METHODS: The study included 45,905 men and women (40-65 years of age and free of diabetes at baseline) from four studies in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Workplace bullying and violence were self-reported at baseline. Incident diabetes was ascertained through national health and medication records and death registers. Marginal structural Cox models adjusted for age, sex, country of birth, marital status and educational level were used for the analyses.RESULTS: Nine per cent of the population reported being bullied at work and 12% were exposed to workplace violence or threats of violence. Bullied participants had a 1.46 (95% CI 1.23, 1.74) times higher risk of developing diabetes compared with non-bullied participants. Exposure to violence or threats of violence was also associated with a higher risk of diabetes (HR 1.26 [95% CI 1.02, 1.56]). The risk estimates attenuated slightly when taking BMI into account, especially for bullying. The results were similar for men and women, and were consistent across cohorts.CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We found a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes among employees exposed to bullying or violence in the workplace. Further research is needed to determine whether policies to reduce bullying and violence at work may reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in working populations. Research on the mechanisms is also highly warranted.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3

DO - 10.1007/s00125-017-4480-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29130114

VL - 61

SP - 75

EP - 83

JO - Diabetologia

JF - Diabetologia

SN - 0012-186X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 185687003