Diagnostic accuracy of BASIC-Q for detection of cognitive impairment in a primary care setting – a cross-validation study

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This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of a new, brief questionnaire, ‘Brief Assessment of Impaired Cognition– Questionnaire’ (BASIC-Q) for detection of cognitive impairment, primarily developed for use in primary care. BASIC-Q has three components: Self-report, Informant report, and Orientation. Self-report and Orientation are completed by the individual and Informant report is answered by a close relative.

We included 275 participants ≥ 70 years, without a prior diagnosis of dementia, and with a close relative who agreed to participate as an informant. Participants were included prospectively in 14 general practices in urban and rural Denmark using a convenience sampling method. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), the informant-completed Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) and reported memory concern were used as a reference standard for the classification of the participants’ cognitive function.

BASIC-Q demonstrated a fair to good diagnostic accuracy to differentiate between people with cognitive impairment and normal cognition with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.84 (95% CI 0.79–0.89) and a sensitivity and specificity of 0.80 (95% CI 0.72–0.87) and 0.71 (95% CI 0.63–0.78). A prorated BASIC-Q score derived from BASIC-Q without Informant report had significantly lower classification accuracy than the full BASIC-Q. The test-retest reliability of BASIC-Q was good with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.84.

BASIC-Q is a brief, easy-to-use questionnaire for identification of cognitive impairment in older adults. It demonstrated fair to good classification accuracy in a general practice setting and can be a useful case-finding tool when suspecting dementia in primary health car
TidsskriftBMC Geriatrics
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This project received funding from the Danish Ministry of the Interior and Health, and The Danish Nurses’ Organization.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, The Author(s).

ID: 380292122