Temporal pattern of mutations in the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes sampled from Southern Taiwan
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- Temporal pattern of mutations in the knockdown resistance (kdr) gene of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes sampled from Southern Taiwan
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Aedes mosquitoes are the principal dengue vector in Taiwan, where the use of insecticides is a key element in the national control strategy. However, control efforts are constrained by the development of resistance to most insecticides, including pyrethroids. In this study, mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) gene resulting in knockdown resistance (kdr) were examined in Aedes aegypti. Fragments of the VGSC gene were PCR-amplified followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in samples from various settings in Southern Taiwan covering dry and wet seasons from 2013 to 2015. Three kdr mutations were identified: V1023G, D1794Y, and F1534C, with observed frequencies of 0.36, 0.55, and 0.33, respectively, in the dry season of 2013-2014. Exploring for temporal changes, the most important observation was the 1534C allele frequency increment in the following season to 0.60 (P < 0.05). This study suggests that continued insecticide pressure is driving the mutational changes, although the selection is ambiguous in the mosquito population.
|Tidsskrift||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Status||Udgivet - 2019|