Development and validation of a condition-specific diary to measure severity, bothersomeness and impact on daily activities for patients with acute urinary tract infection in primary care

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common condition in primary care. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are crucial in the evaluation of interventions to improve diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of UTI. The aim of this study was to identify an existing condition-specific PROM to measure symptom severity, bothersomeness and impact on daily activities for adult patients with suspected urinary tract infection in primary care; or, in the absence of such a PROM, to test items identified from existing PROMs for coverage and relevance in single and group interviews and to psychometrically validate the resulting PROM.

Methods: The literature was searched for existing PROMs covering the three domains. Items from the identified PROMs were tested in single and group interviews. The resulting symptom diary was psychometrically validated using the partial credit Rasch model for polytomous items in a cohort of 451 women participating in two studies regarding UTI.

Results: No existing PROM fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Content validation resulted in one domain concerning symptom severity (18 items), one concerning bothersomeness (18 items), and one concerning impact on daily activities (7 items). Psychometrical validation resulted in four dimensions in each of the first two domains and one dimension in the third domain.

Conclusions: Domains were not unidimensional, which meant that we identified dimensions of patient-experienced UTI that differed substantially from those previously found. We recommend that future studies on UTI, in which PROMs are to be used, should ensure high content validity of their outcome measures and unidimensionality of the included dimensions.
TidsskriftHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Sider (fra-til)1-8
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 24 mar. 2017

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