Relationship between bisphenol A, bisphenol S, and bisphenol F and serum uric acid concentrations among school-aged children

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  • Yun Jeong Lee
  • Lim, Youn-Hee
  • Choong Ho Shin
  • Bung-Nyun Kim
  • Johanna Inhyang Kim
  • Yun-Chul Hong
  • Yong Min Cho
  • Young Ah Lee


Hyperuricemia has a suspected relationship with hypertension, metabolic syndrome, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease. Endocrine disruptors may affect uric acid metabolism; however, few epidemiologic studies have been performed in children regarding newly developed bisphenol A (BPA) substitutes. We evaluated the associations between BPA, bisphenol S (BPS), and bisphenol F (BPF) exposure and serum uric acid concentrations in 6-year-old Korean children.


From the Environment and Development of Children cohort study, six-year-old children (N = 489; 251 boys) who underwent an examination during 2015-2017 were included. Anthropometry, questionnaires, and biological samples were evaluated. BPA, BPS, and BPF levels were measured from spot urine samples, and log-transformed or categorized into groups for analysis. We constructed linear regression models adjusting for age, sex, urinary creatinine levels, body mass index z-scores, and estimated glomerular filtration rates.


Mean serum uric level was 4.2 mg dL(-1) (0.8 SD) without sex-differences. Among the three bisphenols, higher BPS exposure was associated with increased serum uric acid concentrations (P-value for trend = 0.002). When BPS levels were categorized into three groups (non-detection < 0.02 mu g L-1 vs. medium BPS; 0.02-0.05 mu g L-1 vs. high BPS > 0.05 mu g L-1), the high BPS group showed higher serum uric acid concentrations (by 0.26 mg dL(-1), P= 0.003) than the non-detection group after adjusting for covariates, which was significant in boys but not girls.


Urinary BPS levels was positively associated with serum uric acid concentrations in 6-year-old children, and the association was more pronounced in boys. Considering the increasing use of BPS and concerning effect of hyperuricemia on health outcomes, their positive relationship should be investigated further.

TidsskriftPLoS ONE
Udgave nummer6
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 2022

ID: 318429946