Negotiating Engagement, Worthiness of Care and Cultural Identities Through Intersubjective Recognition: Migrant Patient Perspectives on the Cultural Formulation Interview in Danish Mental Healthcare

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This qualitative study presents migrant patient perspectives on using the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) in mental health assessments in Denmark. Empirical data consisted of 20 recorded CFI sessions and 16 patient interviews, coded with a constructivist grounded theory approach. Empirical findings prompted us to draw on the theoretical framework of intersubjective recognition in the analytical process. Our analysis showed how patients had multiple previous experiences of misrecognition in life and healthcare. This seemed to restrain their self-esteem and available positions for expressing preferences and reservations during the CFI and led to negotiations of worthiness of care. Despite occasional lack of flow and information in the recorded CFI sessions, patients subsequently recounted how they felt the CFI recognised the complexity and context of their cultural identities and illness narratives. Patients described how the CFI-guided provider approach of curiosity and empowerment carried significant meaning and left them feeling dignified, hopeful and engaged in future care. Intersubjective recognition is fundamental in all human interaction, but we argue that the recognising CFI approach is particularly important in vulnerable and asymmetrical mental health assessment encounters where access to care is determined and when working with migrants or other marginalised groups.
TidsskriftCulture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Sider (fra-til)629–654
Antal sider26
StatusUdgivet - 2021

ID: 251307475