Determination of 2-naphthylamine in urine by a novel reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method

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A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of 2-naphthylamine in urine using fluorescence detection was developed. The method validation analysis showed the method to be in analytical control, i.e. the distribution of the difference between the observed and true values of the method evaluation samples did not deviate significantly from the normal distribution. The recovery of the method was 85%. The entire run time of chromatography was 10 min using isocratic elution (acetonitrile-water, 35:65), and the retention time for 2-naphthylamine was 5.8 min. The relative short time of analysis in combination with the low limit of detection (0.272 nmol/l) makes the method potentially applicable for surveillance of occupational and environmental exposure to 2-nitronaphthalene. The developed method is presently used for measurement of 2-naphthylamine in urine samples from workers employed at factories, characterized by a low airborne exposure level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, i.e. in general less than 25 micrograms/m3. The urine samples of exposed workers (n = 95) showed a 2-naphthylamine range of up to 9.4 nmol/l, whereas unexposed control individuals (n = 114) showed a range of up to 0.87 nmol/l.
TidsskriftJournal of Chromatography A
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)85-90
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 1992

ID: 48866045