Stressful social relations and mortality: a prospective cohort study

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Stressful social relations and mortality : a prospective cohort study. / Lund, Rikke; Christensen, Ulla; Nilsson, Charlotte Juul; Kriegbaum, Margit; Rod, Naja Hulvej.

In: Journal of epidemiology and community health, Vol. 68, No. 8, 08.2014, p. 720-727.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Lund, R, Christensen, U, Nilsson, CJ, Kriegbaum, M & Rod, NH 2014, 'Stressful social relations and mortality: a prospective cohort study', Journal of epidemiology and community health, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 720-727. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203675

APA

Lund, R., Christensen, U., Nilsson, C. J., Kriegbaum, M., & Rod, N. H. (2014). Stressful social relations and mortality: a prospective cohort study. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 68(8), 720-727. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203675

Vancouver

Lund R, Christensen U, Nilsson CJ, Kriegbaum M, Rod NH. Stressful social relations and mortality: a prospective cohort study. Journal of epidemiology and community health. 2014 Aug;68(8):720-727. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-203675

Author

Lund, Rikke ; Christensen, Ulla ; Nilsson, Charlotte Juul ; Kriegbaum, Margit ; Rod, Naja Hulvej. / Stressful social relations and mortality : a prospective cohort study. In: Journal of epidemiology and community health. 2014 ; Vol. 68, No. 8. pp. 720-727.

Bibtex

@article{dfc5066e11364fdb9e1d11d1c57f4bc8,
title = "Stressful social relations and mortality: a prospective cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between stressful social relations in private life and all-cause mortality.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between stressful social relations (with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively) and all-cause mortality in a large population-based study of middle-aged men and women. Further, to investigate the possible modification of this association by labour force participation and gender.METHODS: We used baseline data (2000) from The Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, including 9875 men and women aged 36-52 years, linked to the Danish Cause of Death Registry for information on all-cause mortality until 31 December 2011. Associations between stressful social relations with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively, and all-cause mortality were examined using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, gender, cohabitation status, occupational social class, hospitalisation with chronic disorder 1980-baseline, depressive symptoms and perceived emotional support. Modification by gender and labour force participation was investigated by an additive hazards model.RESULTS: Frequent worries/demands from partner or children were associated with 50-100{\%} increased mortality risk. Frequent conflicts with any type of social relation were associated with 2-3 times increased mortality risk. Interaction between labour force participation and worries/demands (462 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05) and conflicts with partner (830 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p<0.01) was suggested. Being male and experiencing frequent worries/demands from partner produced 135 extra cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05 due to interaction.CONCLUSIONS: Stressful social relations are associated with increased mortality risk among middle-aged men and women for a variety of different social roles. Those outside the labour force and men seem especially vulnerable to exposure.",
author = "Rikke Lund and Ulla Christensen and Nilsson, {Charlotte Juul} and Margit Kriegbaum and Rod, {Naja Hulvej}",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1136/jech-2013-203675",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "720--727",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health",
issn = "0143-005X",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stressful social relations and mortality

T2 - a prospective cohort study

AU - Lund, Rikke

AU - Christensen, Ulla

AU - Nilsson, Charlotte Juul

AU - Kriegbaum, Margit

AU - Rod, Naja Hulvej

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between stressful social relations in private life and all-cause mortality.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between stressful social relations (with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively) and all-cause mortality in a large population-based study of middle-aged men and women. Further, to investigate the possible modification of this association by labour force participation and gender.METHODS: We used baseline data (2000) from The Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, including 9875 men and women aged 36-52 years, linked to the Danish Cause of Death Registry for information on all-cause mortality until 31 December 2011. Associations between stressful social relations with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively, and all-cause mortality were examined using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, gender, cohabitation status, occupational social class, hospitalisation with chronic disorder 1980-baseline, depressive symptoms and perceived emotional support. Modification by gender and labour force participation was investigated by an additive hazards model.RESULTS: Frequent worries/demands from partner or children were associated with 50-100% increased mortality risk. Frequent conflicts with any type of social relation were associated with 2-3 times increased mortality risk. Interaction between labour force participation and worries/demands (462 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05) and conflicts with partner (830 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p<0.01) was suggested. Being male and experiencing frequent worries/demands from partner produced 135 extra cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05 due to interaction.CONCLUSIONS: Stressful social relations are associated with increased mortality risk among middle-aged men and women for a variety of different social roles. Those outside the labour force and men seem especially vulnerable to exposure.

AB - BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between stressful social relations in private life and all-cause mortality.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between stressful social relations (with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively) and all-cause mortality in a large population-based study of middle-aged men and women. Further, to investigate the possible modification of this association by labour force participation and gender.METHODS: We used baseline data (2000) from The Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, including 9875 men and women aged 36-52 years, linked to the Danish Cause of Death Registry for information on all-cause mortality until 31 December 2011. Associations between stressful social relations with partner, children, other family, friends and neighbours, respectively, and all-cause mortality were examined using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, gender, cohabitation status, occupational social class, hospitalisation with chronic disorder 1980-baseline, depressive symptoms and perceived emotional support. Modification by gender and labour force participation was investigated by an additive hazards model.RESULTS: Frequent worries/demands from partner or children were associated with 50-100% increased mortality risk. Frequent conflicts with any type of social relation were associated with 2-3 times increased mortality risk. Interaction between labour force participation and worries/demands (462 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05) and conflicts with partner (830 additional cases per 100 000 person-years, p<0.01) was suggested. Being male and experiencing frequent worries/demands from partner produced 135 extra cases per 100 000 person-years, p=0.05 due to interaction.CONCLUSIONS: Stressful social relations are associated with increased mortality risk among middle-aged men and women for a variety of different social roles. Those outside the labour force and men seem especially vulnerable to exposure.

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2013-203675

DO - 10.1136/jech-2013-203675

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24811775

VL - 68

SP - 720

EP - 727

JO - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 112940435