Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study. / Christensen, Ulla; Lund, Rikke; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab; Holstein, Bjørn Evald; Ditlevsen, Susanne; Diderichsen, Finn; Due, Pernille; Iversen, Lars; Lynch, John.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 66, No. 4, 2004, p. 572-577.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Christensen, U, Lund, R, Damsgaard, MT, Holstein, BE, Ditlevsen, S, Diderichsen, F, Due, P, Iversen, L & Lynch, J 2004, 'Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study.', Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 572-577. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1

APA

Christensen, U., Lund, R., Damsgaard, M. T., Holstein, B. E., Ditlevsen, S., Diderichsen, F., ... Lynch, J. (2004). Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66(4), 572-577. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1

Vancouver

Christensen U, Lund R, Damsgaard MT, Holstein BE, Ditlevsen S, Diderichsen F et al. Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2004;66(4):572-577. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1

Author

Christensen, Ulla ; Lund, Rikke ; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab ; Holstein, Bjørn Evald ; Ditlevsen, Susanne ; Diderichsen, Finn ; Due, Pernille ; Iversen, Lars ; Lynch, John. / Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 2004 ; Vol. 66, No. 4. pp. 572-577.

Bibtex

@article{f6d85f30652a11dd8d9f000ea68e967b,
title = "Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study.",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cross-sectional association between cynical hostility and high symptom load in a Danish population-based study. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate to what extent health risk behaviors mediated this association. METHODS: Data were based on a postal questionnaire in a Danish random sample of 3426 men and 3699 women aged 40 or 50 years. Cynical hostility was measured by the 8-item Cynical Distrust Scale. High symptom load was assessed by physiological and mental symptoms experienced within the last 4 weeks. Confounders were age and socioeconomic position, while potential mediators were alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, and BMI. RESULTS: Higher cynical hostility was associated with self-reported symptom load. Health behaviors did not seem to mediate this effect. Socioeconomic position was a strong confounder for the effect on both health and health behaviors. After adjustment the effects of hostility on health remained with odds ratios of 2.1 (1.7-2.6) for women and 2.3 (1.8-2.8) for men.CONCLUSION: After adjustment for socioeconomic position, cynical hostility has an effect on self-reported high symptom load, and this effect is not mediated by health behaviors.",
author = "Ulla Christensen and Rikke Lund and Damsgaard, {Mogens Trab} and Holstein, {Bj{\o}rn Evald} and Susanne Ditlevsen and Finn Diderichsen and Pernille Due and Lars Iversen and John Lynch",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Alcohol Drinking; Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Health Behavior; Health Status; Health Surveys; Hostility; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Odds Ratio; Personality Inventory; Postal Service; Questionnaires; Risk-Taking; Sampling Studies; Smoking; Social Class",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "572--577",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cynical hostility, socioeconomic position, health behaviors, and symptom load: a cross-sectional analysis in a Danish population-based study.

AU - Christensen, Ulla

AU - Lund, Rikke

AU - Damsgaard, Mogens Trab

AU - Holstein, Bjørn Evald

AU - Ditlevsen, Susanne

AU - Diderichsen, Finn

AU - Due, Pernille

AU - Iversen, Lars

AU - Lynch, John

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Alcohol Drinking; Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Health Behavior; Health Status; Health Surveys; Hostility; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Odds Ratio; Personality Inventory; Postal Service; Questionnaires; Risk-Taking; Sampling Studies; Smoking; Social Class

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cross-sectional association between cynical hostility and high symptom load in a Danish population-based study. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate to what extent health risk behaviors mediated this association. METHODS: Data were based on a postal questionnaire in a Danish random sample of 3426 men and 3699 women aged 40 or 50 years. Cynical hostility was measured by the 8-item Cynical Distrust Scale. High symptom load was assessed by physiological and mental symptoms experienced within the last 4 weeks. Confounders were age and socioeconomic position, while potential mediators were alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, and BMI. RESULTS: Higher cynical hostility was associated with self-reported symptom load. Health behaviors did not seem to mediate this effect. Socioeconomic position was a strong confounder for the effect on both health and health behaviors. After adjustment the effects of hostility on health remained with odds ratios of 2.1 (1.7-2.6) for women and 2.3 (1.8-2.8) for men.CONCLUSION: After adjustment for socioeconomic position, cynical hostility has an effect on self-reported high symptom load, and this effect is not mediated by health behaviors.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cross-sectional association between cynical hostility and high symptom load in a Danish population-based study. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate to what extent health risk behaviors mediated this association. METHODS: Data were based on a postal questionnaire in a Danish random sample of 3426 men and 3699 women aged 40 or 50 years. Cynical hostility was measured by the 8-item Cynical Distrust Scale. High symptom load was assessed by physiological and mental symptoms experienced within the last 4 weeks. Confounders were age and socioeconomic position, while potential mediators were alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, and BMI. RESULTS: Higher cynical hostility was associated with self-reported symptom load. Health behaviors did not seem to mediate this effect. Socioeconomic position was a strong confounder for the effect on both health and health behaviors. After adjustment the effects of hostility on health remained with odds ratios of 2.1 (1.7-2.6) for women and 2.3 (1.8-2.8) for men.CONCLUSION: After adjustment for socioeconomic position, cynical hostility has an effect on self-reported high symptom load, and this effect is not mediated by health behaviors.

U2 - 10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1

DO - 10.1097/01.psy.0000126206.35683.d1

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15272105

VL - 66

SP - 572

EP - 577

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 5397783