The impact of a new affective episode on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and perceived stress in newly diagnosed patients with bipolar disorder: A prospective one-year case-control study
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Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with impaired functioning during periods of euthymia. This prospective one-year case-control study investigated the impact of a new affective episode on psychosocial functioning, quality of life (QoL) and perceived stress in newly diagnosed patients with BD in euthymia. Methods: Clinically evaluated psychosocial functioning (Functioning Assessment Short Test, FAST), self-reported QoL (WHOQoL-BREF scale) and stress (Cohens’ Perceived Stress Scale) were collected from 87 patients with BD with (BD-E) (n=38) and without (BD-NE) (n=44) clinical relapse and 44 age and gender matched healthy control (HC) individuals at baseline (T0), following an episode if it occurred (T2) and at one-year follow-up (T3). Results: Patients with BD presented with poorer functioning compared to HC individuals at T0 and T3. There was no statistically significantly difference in the changes in FAST (-1.2, adjusted-p=0.82), PSS (0.34, adjusted-p=0.93) or WHOQoL (-0.67, adjusted-p=0.93) between BD-E and BD-NE during the one-year follow-up. The subgroup BD-E had statistically significantly higher FAST and stress scores and lower WHOQoL-scores compared to BD-NE at both T0 and T3. Limitations: Modest sample size. Conclusion: Functioning is impaired in newly diagnosed patients with BD in a euthymic state, however, a new affective episode does not affect functioning during subsequent euthymia at one-year follow-up. Patients with BD-E presented with overall most impaired functioning, highlighting the importance of early intervention strategies as essential to identify and treat patients at high risk of relapse and poor outcome.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Affective Disorders|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|