The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15: Systematic review

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15 : Systematic review. / Mew, Emma J.; Padmanathan, Prianka; Konradsen, Flemming; Eddleston, Michael; Chang, Shu Sen; Phillips, Michael R.; Gunnell, David.

I: Journal of Affective Disorders, Bind 219, 09.2017, s. 93-104.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mew, EJ, Padmanathan, P, Konradsen, F, Eddleston, M, Chang, SS, Phillips, MR & Gunnell, D 2017, 'The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15: Systematic review', Journal of Affective Disorders, bind 219, s. 93-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002

APA

Mew, E. J., Padmanathan, P., Konradsen, F., Eddleston, M., Chang, S. S., Phillips, M. R., & Gunnell, D. (2017). The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15: Systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 219, 93-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002

Vancouver

Mew EJ, Padmanathan P, Konradsen F, Eddleston M, Chang SS, Phillips MR o.a. The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15: Systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 sep;219:93-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002

Author

Mew, Emma J. ; Padmanathan, Prianka ; Konradsen, Flemming ; Eddleston, Michael ; Chang, Shu Sen ; Phillips, Michael R. ; Gunnell, David. / The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15 : Systematic review. I: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2017 ; Bind 219. s. 93-104.

Bibtex

@article{497c5a3380ec465090a79c6a8c21db41,
title = "The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15: Systematic review",
abstract = "Background: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. Methods: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections. Our primary outcome was the proportion of total suicides due to pesticide poisoning. Weighted estimates were calculated for seven WHO regional and income strata. Results: We identified data from 108 countries (102 from WHO data, 6 from the literature). A conservative estimate based on these data indicates that there were approximately 110,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths each year from 2010 to 2014, comprising 13.7% of all global suicides. A sensitivity analysis accounting for under-reporting of suicides in India resulted in an increased estimate of 168,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths annually, that is, 19.7% of global suicides. The proportion of suicides due to pesticide self-poisoning varies considerably between regions, from 0.9% in low- and middle-income countries in the European region to 48.3% in low- and middle-income countries in the Western Pacific region. Limitations: High quality method-specific suicide data were unavailable for a number of the most populous countries, particularly in the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions. It is likely we have underestimated incidence in these regions. Conclusion: There appears to have been a substantial decline in fatal pesticide self-poisoning in recent years, largely driven by a reduction in overall suicide rates in China. Nonetheless, pesticide self-poisoning remains a major public health challenge, accounting for at least one-in-seven suicides globally.",
keywords = "Epidemiology, Global health, Pesticides, Self-harm, Self-poisoning, Suicide, Systematic review",
author = "Mew, {Emma J.} and Prianka Padmanathan and Flemming Konradsen and Michael Eddleston and Chang, {Shu Sen} and Phillips, {Michael R.} and David Gunnell",
year = "2017",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002",
language = "English",
volume = "219",
pages = "93--104",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The global burden of fatal self-poisoning with pesticides 2006-15

T2 - Systematic review

AU - Mew, Emma J.

AU - Padmanathan, Prianka

AU - Konradsen, Flemming

AU - Eddleston, Michael

AU - Chang, Shu Sen

AU - Phillips, Michael R.

AU - Gunnell, David

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - Background: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. Methods: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections. Our primary outcome was the proportion of total suicides due to pesticide poisoning. Weighted estimates were calculated for seven WHO regional and income strata. Results: We identified data from 108 countries (102 from WHO data, 6 from the literature). A conservative estimate based on these data indicates that there were approximately 110,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths each year from 2010 to 2014, comprising 13.7% of all global suicides. A sensitivity analysis accounting for under-reporting of suicides in India resulted in an increased estimate of 168,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths annually, that is, 19.7% of global suicides. The proportion of suicides due to pesticide self-poisoning varies considerably between regions, from 0.9% in low- and middle-income countries in the European region to 48.3% in low- and middle-income countries in the Western Pacific region. Limitations: High quality method-specific suicide data were unavailable for a number of the most populous countries, particularly in the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions. It is likely we have underestimated incidence in these regions. Conclusion: There appears to have been a substantial decline in fatal pesticide self-poisoning in recent years, largely driven by a reduction in overall suicide rates in China. Nonetheless, pesticide self-poisoning remains a major public health challenge, accounting for at least one-in-seven suicides globally.

AB - Background: Agricultural pesticide poisoning is a major contributor to the global burden of suicide. Over the last decade there has been a marked decrease in the incidence of suicide worldwide. It is unclear whether pesticide poisoning still plays a significant role in the global incidence of suicide. Methods: WHO method-specific suicide data were supplemented by a systematic review of the literature between 2006 and 2015, including searches of thirteen electronic databases and Google, citation searching and a review of reference lists and personal collections. Our primary outcome was the proportion of total suicides due to pesticide poisoning. Weighted estimates were calculated for seven WHO regional and income strata. Results: We identified data from 108 countries (102 from WHO data, 6 from the literature). A conservative estimate based on these data indicates that there were approximately 110,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths each year from 2010 to 2014, comprising 13.7% of all global suicides. A sensitivity analysis accounting for under-reporting of suicides in India resulted in an increased estimate of 168,000 pesticide self-poisoning deaths annually, that is, 19.7% of global suicides. The proportion of suicides due to pesticide self-poisoning varies considerably between regions, from 0.9% in low- and middle-income countries in the European region to 48.3% in low- and middle-income countries in the Western Pacific region. Limitations: High quality method-specific suicide data were unavailable for a number of the most populous countries, particularly in the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions. It is likely we have underestimated incidence in these regions. Conclusion: There appears to have been a substantial decline in fatal pesticide self-poisoning in recent years, largely driven by a reduction in overall suicide rates in China. Nonetheless, pesticide self-poisoning remains a major public health challenge, accounting for at least one-in-seven suicides globally.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Global health

KW - Pesticides

KW - Self-harm

KW - Self-poisoning

KW - Suicide

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019941888&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.002

M3 - Review

C2 - 28535450

AN - SCOPUS:85019941888

VL - 219

SP - 93

EP - 104

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 188962357