Prenatal paraben exposures and birth size: Sex-specific associations in a healthy population - A study from the Odense Child Cohort

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  • Elvira V Bräuner
  • Cecilie S Uldbjerg
  • Astrid L Beck
  • Lim, Youn-Hee
  • Henriette Boye
  • Hanne Frederiksen
  • Anna-Maria Andersson
  • Tina K Jensen

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the sex-specific associations between maternal paraben concentrations in second trimester urine and birth size of the offspring.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 529 mother-child pairs within the Odense Child Cohort. Pregnant women were recruited to the cohort from 2010 to 2012 and provided fasting spot urine samples in second trimester (median 28.7 weeks). Concentrations of methylparaben (MeP), ethylparaben (EtP), iso-propylparaben (i-PrP), n-propylparaben (n-PrP), n-butylparaben (n-BuP) and benzylparaben (BzP) were analyzed by isotope diluted liquid-chromatography tandem-mass-spectrometry and osmolality adjusted. Exposures were categorized into tertiles or above/below level of detection. Data on maternal and birth characteristics were extracted from hospital records. Sex-stratified multiple linear regression analyses were performed according to relevant birth outcomes (length, weight, head/abdominal circumference) adjusting for a priori defined confounders.

RESULTS: Higher paraben levels were detected in pregnant women who were older, more obese, who smoked and were primigravidae. Generally, higher maternal paraben exposure was consistently associated with lower birth size in female but not in male offspring, but with few substantial or statistically significant. Higher maternal exposure to n-BuP during pregnancy was associated with a statistically significant lower birth size in female offspring only [birth weight: -137 g (95 % CI -256; -19), head circumference: -0.48 cm (95 % CI -0.90; -0.05), abdominal circumference: -0.65 cm (95 % CI -1.21; -0.08)]. No differences in birth size were observed for other parabens.

CONCLUSION: Higher maternal exposure to n-butylparaben was associated with lower birth size in female but not male offspring.

TidsskriftThe Science of the Total Environment
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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