Particulate respirator use and blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

People use a particulate respirator in order to reduce exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Acute exposure to PM2.5 is known to increase blood pressure. However, systematic reviews or meta-analyses on blood pressure-related benefits of using a particulate respirator is lacking. Therefore, we reviewed randomized crossover intervention studies on blood pressure-related effects of particulate matter respirator use. We conducted a literature review of articles found on Embase, Medline, and Cochrane library on August 31, 2020. The study outcomes were systolic and diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure. A random-effect model was used in the meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses, based on age (adult < 60 years, elderly ≥ 60 years), personal PM2.5 exposure levels (High: ≥ 25 μg/m3, Low: < 25 μg/m3), and types of monitoring methods (ambulatory and resting blood pressure) were conducted. We identified 297 references, and seven studies were included in our systematic review. None of the studies used a sham respirator as control and complete allocation concealment and blinding were impossible. The use of a particulate respirator was associated with a -1.23 mmHg (95% confidence interval (CI): -2.53, 0.07) change in systolic blood pressure and a -1.57 mmHg (95% CI: -3.85, 0.71) change in mean arterial pressure. There were significant heterogeneities and possibilities for publication bias. The subgroup analyses revealed that studies involving elderly individuals, those conducted in high PM2.5 personal exposure, and those in which resting blood pressure was monitored demonstrated a larger decrease in blood pressure resulting from respirator use. Further intervention studies with a large sample size and subjects with diverse characteristics and different personal PM2.5 levels may add the evidence to current literature.

TidsskriftEnvironmental Pollution
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

ID: 279200261