Liraglutide treatment for the prevention of glucose tolerance deterioration in women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus: A 52-week randomized controlled clinical trial

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Aim: We investigated the effect of 52-week treatment with liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, on glucose tolerance and incretin effect in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM). Materials and Methods: Women with overweight/obesity and pGDM were randomized to once daily subcutaneous liraglutide 1.8 mg or placebo for 52 weeks. Participants underwent oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and isoglycaemic intravenous glucose infusion at baseline and at 52 weeks, and an additional OGTT after the drug wash-out. Results: In total, 104 women [age: mean ± SD, 38 ± 5 years; fasting plasma glucose (FPG): 5.5 ± 0.4 mmol/L; glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c): 33 ± 4 mmol/mol, bodyweight: 88.2 ± 14.8 kg, body mass index: 31.1 ± 4.3 kg/m2] were assigned to liraglutide (n = 49) or placebo (n = 55). Estimated treatment difference (ETD) for area under curve during OGTT was −173 (95% confidence interval −250 to −97) mmol/L × min, p <.0001, but after wash-out the difference disappeared [ETD 58 (−30 to 146) mmol/L × min, p =.536]. Liraglutide reduced FPG [ETD −0.2 (−0.4 to −0.1) mmol/L, p =.018], HbA1c [−2.2 (−3.5 to −0.8) mmol/mol, p =.018] and bodyweight [−3.9 (−6.2 to −1.6) kg, p =.012]. No change in the incretin effect was observed. The number of women with prediabetes was reduced from 64% to 10% with liraglutide vs. 50% with placebo [adjusted odds ratio 0.10 (0.03-0.32), p =.002]. Conclusions: Treatment with liraglutide for 52 weeks improved glucose tolerance, FPG, HbA1c and bodyweight in women with overweight/obesity and pGDM. Progression to prediabetes while on drug was markedly reduced, but after a 1-week drug wash-out, the effect was lost.

TidsskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)201-214
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The study was initiated by the authors and supported as an investigator‐initiated study by unrestricted grants from Novo Nordisk, the Novo Nordisk Foundation and Danish Diabetes Academy. Research support was also received from the A.P. Moller Foundation and the Danielsen Foundation. The funder of this study had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis, or data interpretation. All data are owned by the investigators. Novo Nordisk read and commented on the draft manuscript before submission.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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