Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population?

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Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population? / Han, Changwoo; Lim, Youn-Hee; Hong, Yun-Chul.

I: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bind 73, Nr. 4, 2016, s. 269-274.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Han, C, Lim, Y-H & Hong, Y-C 2016, 'Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population?', Occupational and Environmental Medicine, bind 73, nr. 4, s. 269-274. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2015-102900

APA

Han, C., Lim, Y-H., & Hong, Y-C. (2016). Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population? Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 73(4), 269-274. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2015-102900

Vancouver

Han C, Lim Y-H, Hong Y-C. Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population? Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2016;73(4):269-274. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2015-102900

Author

Han, Changwoo ; Lim, Youn-Hee ; Hong, Yun-Chul. / Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population?. I: Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2016 ; Bind 73, Nr. 4. s. 269-274.

Bibtex

@article{3e33d38ab0e044e586e5a6e07c6fbb6b,
title = "Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population?",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: To date, the association of the neurotoxic agent cadmium (Cd) with depression in elderly people has been poorly evaluated. By investigating the relationship between blood cadmium levels and scores on a depression screening test, we aimed to investigate the impact of cadmium exposure on elderly depression.METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 395 elderly participants residing in Seoul, Korea, were evaluated 3 times. Demographic data and lifestyle information were obtained via a systemised questionnaire, and blood samples were collected for analysis. Participants underwent the Korean Version of the Short Form Generic Depression Scale test (SGDS-K) for screening depression and associations were estimated using logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders.RESULTS: Blood cadmium levels were associated with depressive symptoms in the first visit data analysis. By analysing the first visit data, the highest quartile blood cadmium group (Q4) showed increased risk for depressive symptoms compared to the lowest quartile group (Q1) (OR 3.50, 95{\%} CI 1.22 to 10.00). However, the data of the second and third visits suggested that blood cadmium may be protective against depressive symptoms (second visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.78, 95{\%} CI 0.19 to 3.14; third visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.58, 95{\%} CI 0.04 to 8.77).CONCLUSIONS: Owing to inconsistent results in analyses between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms, we cannot conclude any solid association between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms in the elderly population. To clarify the relationship, other prospective studies are needed in the future.",
keywords = "Aged, Cadmium/adverse effects, Depression/blood, Depressive Disorder/blood, Environmental Exposure, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Republic of Korea, Surveys and Questionnaires",
author = "Changwoo Han and Youn-Hee Lim and Yun-Chul Hong",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2015-102900",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "269--274",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does cadmium exposure contribute to depressive symptoms in the elderly population?

AU - Han, Changwoo

AU - Lim, Youn-Hee

AU - Hong, Yun-Chul

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: To date, the association of the neurotoxic agent cadmium (Cd) with depression in elderly people has been poorly evaluated. By investigating the relationship between blood cadmium levels and scores on a depression screening test, we aimed to investigate the impact of cadmium exposure on elderly depression.METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 395 elderly participants residing in Seoul, Korea, were evaluated 3 times. Demographic data and lifestyle information were obtained via a systemised questionnaire, and blood samples were collected for analysis. Participants underwent the Korean Version of the Short Form Generic Depression Scale test (SGDS-K) for screening depression and associations were estimated using logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders.RESULTS: Blood cadmium levels were associated with depressive symptoms in the first visit data analysis. By analysing the first visit data, the highest quartile blood cadmium group (Q4) showed increased risk for depressive symptoms compared to the lowest quartile group (Q1) (OR 3.50, 95% CI 1.22 to 10.00). However, the data of the second and third visits suggested that blood cadmium may be protective against depressive symptoms (second visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.19 to 3.14; third visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.04 to 8.77).CONCLUSIONS: Owing to inconsistent results in analyses between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms, we cannot conclude any solid association between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms in the elderly population. To clarify the relationship, other prospective studies are needed in the future.

AB - BACKGROUND: To date, the association of the neurotoxic agent cadmium (Cd) with depression in elderly people has been poorly evaluated. By investigating the relationship between blood cadmium levels and scores on a depression screening test, we aimed to investigate the impact of cadmium exposure on elderly depression.METHODS: From 2008 to 2010, a total of 395 elderly participants residing in Seoul, Korea, were evaluated 3 times. Demographic data and lifestyle information were obtained via a systemised questionnaire, and blood samples were collected for analysis. Participants underwent the Korean Version of the Short Form Generic Depression Scale test (SGDS-K) for screening depression and associations were estimated using logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders.RESULTS: Blood cadmium levels were associated with depressive symptoms in the first visit data analysis. By analysing the first visit data, the highest quartile blood cadmium group (Q4) showed increased risk for depressive symptoms compared to the lowest quartile group (Q1) (OR 3.50, 95% CI 1.22 to 10.00). However, the data of the second and third visits suggested that blood cadmium may be protective against depressive symptoms (second visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.19 to 3.14; third visit data, Q4 vs Q1, OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.04 to 8.77).CONCLUSIONS: Owing to inconsistent results in analyses between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms, we cannot conclude any solid association between blood cadmium levels and depressive symptoms in the elderly population. To clarify the relationship, other prospective studies are needed in the future.

KW - Aged

KW - Cadmium/adverse effects

KW - Depression/blood

KW - Depressive Disorder/blood

KW - Environmental Exposure

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Republic of Korea

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

U2 - 10.1136/oemed-2015-102900

DO - 10.1136/oemed-2015-102900

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26769897

VL - 73

SP - 269

EP - 274

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 230069663