Association of ferritin and transferrin saturation with all-cause mortality, and the effect of concurrent inflammation: a danish cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

The association between ferritin and transferrin saturation (TS), respectively, and all-cause mortality is unclear. Furthermore, the influence of concurrent inflammation has not been sufficiently elucidated. We investigated these associations and the effect of concurrently elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), and accordingly report the levels associated with lowest all-cause mortality for females and males with and without inflammation. Blood test results from 161,921 individuals were included. Statistical analyses were performed in sex-stratified subpopulations, with ferritin or TS level as continuous exposure variables, and were adjusted for age, co-morbidity and inflammation status using CRP. An interaction was used to investigate whether the effect of ferritin or TS on all-cause mortality was modified by inflammation status (CRP >= 10 mg/L or CRP < 10 mg/L). Low and high ferritin and TS levels were respectively associated with increased all-cause mortality in females and in males. These associations persisted with concurrent CRP >= 10 mg/L. The ferritin level associated with lowest mortality was 60 mu g/L for females and 125 mu g/L for males with CRP < 10 mg/L. It was 52 mu g/L for females and 118 mu g/L for males with CRP >= 10 mg/L. The TS level associated with lowest mortality was 33.9% for females and 32.3% for males with CRP < 10 mg/L. It was 28.7% for females and 30.6% for males with CRP >= 10 mg/L. Our findings can nuance clinical interpretation and further aid in defining recommended ranges for ferritin and TS.

BogserieScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplement
Udgave nummer7-8
Sider (fra-til)525-532
StatusUdgivet - 2022

ID: 322940321