The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ): Development, content, reliability and validity

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Standard

The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ) : Development, content, reliability and validity. / Clausen, Thomas; Madsen, Ida Eh; Christensen, Karl Bang; Bjorner, Jakob B; Poulsen, Otto M; Maltesen, Thomas; Borg, Vilhelm; Rugulies, Reiner.

I: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Bind 45, Nr. 4, 2019, s. 256-369.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Clausen, T, Madsen, IE, Christensen, KB, Bjorner, JB, Poulsen, OM, Maltesen, T, Borg, V & Rugulies, R 2019, 'The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ): Development, content, reliability and validity', Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, bind 45, nr. 4, s. 256-369. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3793

APA

Clausen, T., Madsen, I. E., Christensen, K. B., Bjorner, J. B., Poulsen, O. M., Maltesen, T., ... Rugulies, R. (2019). The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ): Development, content, reliability and validity. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 45(4), 256-369. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3793

Vancouver

Clausen T, Madsen IE, Christensen KB, Bjorner JB, Poulsen OM, Maltesen T o.a. The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ): Development, content, reliability and validity. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2019;45(4):256-369. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3793

Author

Clausen, Thomas ; Madsen, Ida Eh ; Christensen, Karl Bang ; Bjorner, Jakob B ; Poulsen, Otto M ; Maltesen, Thomas ; Borg, Vilhelm ; Rugulies, Reiner. / The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ) : Development, content, reliability and validity. I: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2019 ; Bind 45, Nr. 4. s. 256-369.

Bibtex

@article{68c4b782bdbc4e6c99424c716fd30c59,
title = "The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ): Development, content, reliability and validity",
abstract = "Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the development and the content of the Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ) and to test its reliability and validity. Methods We describe the identification of dimensions, the development of items, and the qualitative and quantitative tests of the reliability and validity of the DPQ. Reliability and validity of a 150 item version of the DPQ was evaluated in a stratified sample of 8958 employees in 14 job groups of which 4340 responded. Reliability was investigated using internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The factorial validity was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). For each multi-item scale, we undertook CFA within each job group and multi-group CFA to investigate factorial invariance across job groups. Finally, using multi-group multi-factor CFA, we investigated whether scales were empirically distinct. Results Internal consistency reliabilities and test-retest reliabilities were satisfactory. Factorial validity of the multi-item scales was satisfactory within each of the 14 job groups. Factorial invariance was demonstrated for 10 of the 28 multi-item scales. The hypothesis that the scales of the DPQ were empirically distinct was supported. The final DPQ version consisted of 119 items covering 38 different psychosocial work environment dimensions. Conclusions Overall, the DPQ is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing psychosocial working conditions in a variety of job groups. The results indicate, however, that questions about psychosocial working conditions may be understood differently across job groups, which may have implications for the comparability of questionnaire-based measures of psychosocial working conditions across job groups.",
author = "Thomas Clausen and Madsen, {Ida Eh} and Christensen, {Karl Bang} and Bjorner, {Jakob B} and Poulsen, {Otto M} and Thomas Maltesen and Vilhelm Borg and Reiner Rugulies",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.5271/sjweh.3793",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "256--369",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health",
issn = "0355-3140",
publisher = "Tyoterveyslaitos",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ)

T2 - Development, content, reliability and validity

AU - Clausen, Thomas

AU - Madsen, Ida Eh

AU - Christensen, Karl Bang

AU - Bjorner, Jakob B

AU - Poulsen, Otto M

AU - Maltesen, Thomas

AU - Borg, Vilhelm

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the development and the content of the Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ) and to test its reliability and validity. Methods We describe the identification of dimensions, the development of items, and the qualitative and quantitative tests of the reliability and validity of the DPQ. Reliability and validity of a 150 item version of the DPQ was evaluated in a stratified sample of 8958 employees in 14 job groups of which 4340 responded. Reliability was investigated using internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The factorial validity was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). For each multi-item scale, we undertook CFA within each job group and multi-group CFA to investigate factorial invariance across job groups. Finally, using multi-group multi-factor CFA, we investigated whether scales were empirically distinct. Results Internal consistency reliabilities and test-retest reliabilities were satisfactory. Factorial validity of the multi-item scales was satisfactory within each of the 14 job groups. Factorial invariance was demonstrated for 10 of the 28 multi-item scales. The hypothesis that the scales of the DPQ were empirically distinct was supported. The final DPQ version consisted of 119 items covering 38 different psychosocial work environment dimensions. Conclusions Overall, the DPQ is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing psychosocial working conditions in a variety of job groups. The results indicate, however, that questions about psychosocial working conditions may be understood differently across job groups, which may have implications for the comparability of questionnaire-based measures of psychosocial working conditions across job groups.

AB - Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the development and the content of the Danish Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire (DPQ) and to test its reliability and validity. Methods We describe the identification of dimensions, the development of items, and the qualitative and quantitative tests of the reliability and validity of the DPQ. Reliability and validity of a 150 item version of the DPQ was evaluated in a stratified sample of 8958 employees in 14 job groups of which 4340 responded. Reliability was investigated using internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The factorial validity was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). For each multi-item scale, we undertook CFA within each job group and multi-group CFA to investigate factorial invariance across job groups. Finally, using multi-group multi-factor CFA, we investigated whether scales were empirically distinct. Results Internal consistency reliabilities and test-retest reliabilities were satisfactory. Factorial validity of the multi-item scales was satisfactory within each of the 14 job groups. Factorial invariance was demonstrated for 10 of the 28 multi-item scales. The hypothesis that the scales of the DPQ were empirically distinct was supported. The final DPQ version consisted of 119 items covering 38 different psychosocial work environment dimensions. Conclusions Overall, the DPQ is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing psychosocial working conditions in a variety of job groups. The results indicate, however, that questions about psychosocial working conditions may be understood differently across job groups, which may have implications for the comparability of questionnaire-based measures of psychosocial working conditions across job groups.

U2 - 10.5271/sjweh.3793

DO - 10.5271/sjweh.3793

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30592500

VL - 45

SP - 256

EP - 369

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

SN - 0355-3140

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 218520090