Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe

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Standard

Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe. / Di Girolamo, Chiara; Nusselder, Wilma J; Bopp, Matthias; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Costa, Giuseppe; Kovács, Katalin; Leinsalu, Mall; Martikainen, Pekka; Pacelli, Barbara; Rubio Valverde, José; Mackenbach, Johan P.

I: Heart (British Cardiac Society), Bind 106, Nr. 1, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Di Girolamo, C, Nusselder, WJ, Bopp, M, Brønnum-Hansen, H, Costa, G, Kovács, K, Leinsalu, M, Martikainen, P, Pacelli, B, Rubio Valverde, J & Mackenbach, JP 2020, 'Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe', Heart (British Cardiac Society), bind 106, nr. 1. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129

APA

Di Girolamo, C., Nusselder, W. J., Bopp, M., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Costa, G., Kovács, K., ... Mackenbach, J. P. (2020). Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe. Heart (British Cardiac Society), 106(1). https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129

Vancouver

Di Girolamo C, Nusselder WJ, Bopp M, Brønnum-Hansen H, Costa G, Kovács K o.a. Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe. Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2020;106(1). https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129

Author

Di Girolamo, Chiara ; Nusselder, Wilma J ; Bopp, Matthias ; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik ; Costa, Giuseppe ; Kovács, Katalin ; Leinsalu, Mall ; Martikainen, Pekka ; Pacelli, Barbara ; Rubio Valverde, José ; Mackenbach, Johan P. / Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe. I: Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2020 ; Bind 106, Nr. 1.

Bibtex

@article{40180bb3b2fd408da9862f0919ae0ce6,
title = "Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess whether recent declines in cardiovascular mortality have benefited all socioeconomic groups equally and whether these declines have narrowed or widened inequalities in cardiovascular mortality in Europe.METHODS: In this prospective registry-based study, we determined changes in cardiovascular mortality between the 1990s and the early 2010s in 12 European populations by gender, educational level and occupational class. In order to quantify changes in the magnitude of differences in mortality, we calculated both ratio measures of relative inequalities and difference measures of absolute inequalities.RESULTS: Cardiovascular mortality has declined rapidly among lower and higher socioeconomic groups. Relative declines ({\%}) were faster among higher socioeconomic groups; absolute declines (deaths per 100 000 person-years) were almost uniformly larger among lower socioeconomic groups. Therefore, although relative inequalities increased over time, absolute inequalities often declined substantially on all measures used. Similar trends were seen for ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality separately. Best performer was England and Wales, which combined large declines in cardiovascular mortality with large reductions in absolute inequalities and stability in relative inequalities in both genders. In the early 2010s, inequalities in cardiovascular mortality were smallest in Southern Europe, of intermediate magnitude in Northern and Western Europe and largest in Central-Eastern European and Baltic countries.CONCLUSIONS: Lower socioeconomic groups have experienced remarkable declines in cardiovascular mortality rates over the last 25 years, and trends in inequalities can be qualified as favourable overall. Nevertheless, further reducing inequalities remains an important challenge for European health systems and policies.",
author = "{Di Girolamo}, Chiara and Nusselder, {Wilma J} and Matthias Bopp and Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen and Giuseppe Costa and Katalin Kov{\'a}cs and Mall Leinsalu and Pekka Martikainen and Barbara Pacelli and {Rubio Valverde}, Jos{\'e} and Mackenbach, {Johan P}",
note = "{\circledC} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
journal = "Heart",
issn = "1355-6037",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Progress in reducing inequalities in cardiovascular disease mortality in Europe

AU - Di Girolamo, Chiara

AU - Nusselder, Wilma J

AU - Bopp, Matthias

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Costa, Giuseppe

AU - Kovács, Katalin

AU - Leinsalu, Mall

AU - Martikainen, Pekka

AU - Pacelli, Barbara

AU - Rubio Valverde, José

AU - Mackenbach, Johan P

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess whether recent declines in cardiovascular mortality have benefited all socioeconomic groups equally and whether these declines have narrowed or widened inequalities in cardiovascular mortality in Europe.METHODS: In this prospective registry-based study, we determined changes in cardiovascular mortality between the 1990s and the early 2010s in 12 European populations by gender, educational level and occupational class. In order to quantify changes in the magnitude of differences in mortality, we calculated both ratio measures of relative inequalities and difference measures of absolute inequalities.RESULTS: Cardiovascular mortality has declined rapidly among lower and higher socioeconomic groups. Relative declines (%) were faster among higher socioeconomic groups; absolute declines (deaths per 100 000 person-years) were almost uniformly larger among lower socioeconomic groups. Therefore, although relative inequalities increased over time, absolute inequalities often declined substantially on all measures used. Similar trends were seen for ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality separately. Best performer was England and Wales, which combined large declines in cardiovascular mortality with large reductions in absolute inequalities and stability in relative inequalities in both genders. In the early 2010s, inequalities in cardiovascular mortality were smallest in Southern Europe, of intermediate magnitude in Northern and Western Europe and largest in Central-Eastern European and Baltic countries.CONCLUSIONS: Lower socioeconomic groups have experienced remarkable declines in cardiovascular mortality rates over the last 25 years, and trends in inequalities can be qualified as favourable overall. Nevertheless, further reducing inequalities remains an important challenge for European health systems and policies.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To assess whether recent declines in cardiovascular mortality have benefited all socioeconomic groups equally and whether these declines have narrowed or widened inequalities in cardiovascular mortality in Europe.METHODS: In this prospective registry-based study, we determined changes in cardiovascular mortality between the 1990s and the early 2010s in 12 European populations by gender, educational level and occupational class. In order to quantify changes in the magnitude of differences in mortality, we calculated both ratio measures of relative inequalities and difference measures of absolute inequalities.RESULTS: Cardiovascular mortality has declined rapidly among lower and higher socioeconomic groups. Relative declines (%) were faster among higher socioeconomic groups; absolute declines (deaths per 100 000 person-years) were almost uniformly larger among lower socioeconomic groups. Therefore, although relative inequalities increased over time, absolute inequalities often declined substantially on all measures used. Similar trends were seen for ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality separately. Best performer was England and Wales, which combined large declines in cardiovascular mortality with large reductions in absolute inequalities and stability in relative inequalities in both genders. In the early 2010s, inequalities in cardiovascular mortality were smallest in Southern Europe, of intermediate magnitude in Northern and Western Europe and largest in Central-Eastern European and Baltic countries.CONCLUSIONS: Lower socioeconomic groups have experienced remarkable declines in cardiovascular mortality rates over the last 25 years, and trends in inequalities can be qualified as favourable overall. Nevertheless, further reducing inequalities remains an important challenge for European health systems and policies.

U2 - 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129

DO - 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315129

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31439656

VL - 106

JO - Heart

JF - Heart

SN - 1355-6037

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 226794555