Effect of semaglutide 2.4 mg on physical functioning and weight- and health-related quality of life in adults with overweight or obesity: Patient-reported outcomes from the STEP 1-4 trials

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  • Domenica Rubino
  • Bjørner, Jakob
  • Naveen Rathor
  • Arya M Sharma
  • Lisa von Huth Smith
  • Sean Wharton
  • Thomas Wadden
  • Niels Zeuthen
  • Ronette L Kolotkin

AIMS: To summarize the effects of semaglutide 2.4 mg on weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), focusing on the confirmatory secondary endpoint of physical functioning.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The STEP 1-4 Phase 3a, 68-week, double-blind, randomized controlled trials assessed the efficacy and safety of semaglutide 2.4 mg versus placebo in individuals with overweight/obesity. WRQOL and HRQOL were assessed by change from baseline to Week 68 in two different but complementary measures, the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite Clinical Trials Version (IWQOL-Lite-CT; STEP 1 and 2) and the SF-36v2 Health Survey Acute (SF-36v2; STEP 1-4).

RESULTS: Superiority for semaglutide 2.4 mg over placebo based on IWQOL-Lite-CT and SF-36v2 physical functioning scores was confirmed in STEP 1 and 2 and in STEP 1, 2 and 4, respectively. At Week 68, a greater proportion of participants treated with semaglutide 2.4 mg than with placebo reached meaningful within-person change (MWPC) thresholds for IWQOL-Lite-CT Physical Function scores in STEP 1 (51.8% vs. 28.3%; p < 0.0001) and STEP 2 (39.6% vs. 29.5%; p = 0.0083) and the MWPC threshold for SF-36v2 Physical Functioning in STEP 1 (39.8% vs. 24.1%; p < 0.0001), STEP 2 (41.0% vs. 27.3%; p = 0.0001) and STEP 4 (18.0% vs. 6.6%; p < 0.0001). All other IWQOL-Lite-CT and SF-36v2 scale scores in STEP 1-4 were numerically improved with semaglutide 2.4 mg versus placebo, except for SF-36v2 Role Emotional in STEP 2.

CONCLUSIONS: Semaglutide 2.4 mg significantly improved physical functioning, with greater proportions of participants achieving MWPC compared with placebo, and showed beneficial effects on WRQOL and HRQOL beyond physical functioning.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)2945-2955
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 Quality of Life Consulting and The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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