Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence

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Standard

Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence. / Manuel, Celie; Gunnell, David J; van der Hoek, Wim; Dawson, Andrew; Wijeratne, Ishika K; Konradsen, Flemming.

I: BMC Public Health, Bind 8, 2008, s. 26.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Manuel, C, Gunnell, DJ, van der Hoek, W, Dawson, A, Wijeratne, IK & Konradsen, F 2008, 'Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence', BMC Public Health, bind 8, s. 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-26

APA

Manuel, C., Gunnell, D. J., van der Hoek, W., Dawson, A., Wijeratne, I. K., & Konradsen, F. (2008). Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence. BMC Public Health, 8, 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-26

Vancouver

Manuel C, Gunnell DJ, van der Hoek W, Dawson A, Wijeratne IK, Konradsen F. Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-26

Author

Manuel, Celie ; Gunnell, David J ; van der Hoek, Wim ; Dawson, Andrew ; Wijeratne, Ishika K ; Konradsen, Flemming. / Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence. I: BMC Public Health. 2008 ; Bind 8. s. 26.

Bibtex

@article{75f8f820ec5c11ddbf70000ea68e967b,
title = "Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Self-poisoning is one of the most common methods of suicide worldwide. The intentional ingestion of pesticides is the main contributor to such deaths and in many parts of rural Asia pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health problem. To inform the development of preventive measures in these settings, this study investigates small-area variation in self-poisoning incidence and its association with area-based socioeconomic and agricultural factors. METHODS: Ecological analysis of intentional self-poisoning in a rural area (population 267,613) of Sri Lanka in 2002. The geographic distribution of cases was mapped to place of residence. Using administrative division (GN), median population size 1416, as unit of analysis, associations with socioeconomic and agricultural indicators were explored using negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: The overall incidence of intentional self-poisoning in the study area was 315 per 100,000 (range: 0 - 2168 per 100,000 across GNs). Socioeconomic disadvantage, as indexed by poor housing quality (p = 0.003) and low levels of education (p < 0.001) but not unemployment (p = 0.147), was associated with a low self-poisoning incidence. Areas where a high proportion of the population worked in agriculture had low overall levels of self-poisoning (p = 0.002), but a greater proportion of episodes in these areas involved pesticides (p = 0.01). An association with extent of cultivated land was found only for non-pesticide poisoning (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Considerable small-area variation in incidence rates of intentional self-poisoning was found. The noteworthy concentration of cases in certain areas and the inverse association with socioeconomic deprivation merit attention and should be investigated using individual-level exposure data.",
author = "Celie Manuel and Gunnell, {David J} and {van der Hoek}, Wim and Andrew Dawson and Wijeratne, {Ishika K} and Flemming Konradsen",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Agriculture; Female; Geography; Humans; Incidence; Male; Pesticides; Poisoning; Rural Health; Small-Area Analysis; Socioeconomic Factors; Sri Lanka; Suicide",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-8-26",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "26",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence

AU - Manuel, Celie

AU - Gunnell, David J

AU - van der Hoek, Wim

AU - Dawson, Andrew

AU - Wijeratne, Ishika K

AU - Konradsen, Flemming

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Agriculture; Female; Geography; Humans; Incidence; Male; Pesticides; Poisoning; Rural Health; Small-Area Analysis; Socioeconomic Factors; Sri Lanka; Suicide

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - BACKGROUND: Self-poisoning is one of the most common methods of suicide worldwide. The intentional ingestion of pesticides is the main contributor to such deaths and in many parts of rural Asia pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health problem. To inform the development of preventive measures in these settings, this study investigates small-area variation in self-poisoning incidence and its association with area-based socioeconomic and agricultural factors. METHODS: Ecological analysis of intentional self-poisoning in a rural area (population 267,613) of Sri Lanka in 2002. The geographic distribution of cases was mapped to place of residence. Using administrative division (GN), median population size 1416, as unit of analysis, associations with socioeconomic and agricultural indicators were explored using negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: The overall incidence of intentional self-poisoning in the study area was 315 per 100,000 (range: 0 - 2168 per 100,000 across GNs). Socioeconomic disadvantage, as indexed by poor housing quality (p = 0.003) and low levels of education (p < 0.001) but not unemployment (p = 0.147), was associated with a low self-poisoning incidence. Areas where a high proportion of the population worked in agriculture had low overall levels of self-poisoning (p = 0.002), but a greater proportion of episodes in these areas involved pesticides (p = 0.01). An association with extent of cultivated land was found only for non-pesticide poisoning (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Considerable small-area variation in incidence rates of intentional self-poisoning was found. The noteworthy concentration of cases in certain areas and the inverse association with socioeconomic deprivation merit attention and should be investigated using individual-level exposure data.

AB - BACKGROUND: Self-poisoning is one of the most common methods of suicide worldwide. The intentional ingestion of pesticides is the main contributor to such deaths and in many parts of rural Asia pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health problem. To inform the development of preventive measures in these settings, this study investigates small-area variation in self-poisoning incidence and its association with area-based socioeconomic and agricultural factors. METHODS: Ecological analysis of intentional self-poisoning in a rural area (population 267,613) of Sri Lanka in 2002. The geographic distribution of cases was mapped to place of residence. Using administrative division (GN), median population size 1416, as unit of analysis, associations with socioeconomic and agricultural indicators were explored using negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: The overall incidence of intentional self-poisoning in the study area was 315 per 100,000 (range: 0 - 2168 per 100,000 across GNs). Socioeconomic disadvantage, as indexed by poor housing quality (p = 0.003) and low levels of education (p < 0.001) but not unemployment (p = 0.147), was associated with a low self-poisoning incidence. Areas where a high proportion of the population worked in agriculture had low overall levels of self-poisoning (p = 0.002), but a greater proportion of episodes in these areas involved pesticides (p = 0.01). An association with extent of cultivated land was found only for non-pesticide poisoning (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Considerable small-area variation in incidence rates of intentional self-poisoning was found. The noteworthy concentration of cases in certain areas and the inverse association with socioeconomic deprivation merit attention and should be investigated using individual-level exposure data.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-8-26

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-8-26

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18215262

VL - 8

SP - 26

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

ER -

ID: 9950291