Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals: A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals : A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies. / Pech, Josefine; Forman, Julie; Kessing, Lars Vedel; Knorr, Ulla.

I: Journal of Affective Disorders, Bind 240, 2018, s. 6-16.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Pech, J, Forman, J, Kessing, LV & Knorr, U 2018, 'Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals: A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies', Journal of Affective Disorders, bind 240, s. 6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031

APA

Pech, J., Forman, J., Kessing, L. V., & Knorr, U. (2018). Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals: A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies. Journal of Affective Disorders, 240, 6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031

Vancouver

Pech J, Forman J, Kessing LV, Knorr U. Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals: A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018;240:6-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031

Author

Pech, Josefine ; Forman, Julie ; Kessing, Lars Vedel ; Knorr, Ulla. / Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals : A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies. I: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 ; Bind 240. s. 6-16.

Bibtex

@article{a3df233fb1fc43d0a7248b433567c139,
title = "Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals: A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Although investigated for decades, surprisingly no systematic review has ever been published on monoamines concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in major depressive disorder (MDD) versus healthy individuals (HC).METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analyses according to the PRISMA Statement based on comprehensive database searches for studies on CSF biomarkers of monoamines and their precursor and/or metabolites, and glutamine, glutamate and GABA in MDD versus HC. Risk of bias was systematically assessed.RESULTS: A total of 23 studies were included. Statistically significantly decreased levels between MDD and HC were found regarding CSF 5-HIAA (n = 2/13 (15{\%})), HVA (n = 2/11 (18{\%})), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13{\%})), and GABA (n = 2/4 (50{\%})), while increased levels were reported regarding NE (n = 1/2 (50{\%})), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13{\%})) and DOPEG (n = 1/1 (100{\%})). A majority of the studies found no statistically significant differences between MDD and HC regarding CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, glutamine, glutamate and GABA. Meta-analyses showed: 5-HIAA (-3.85, -8.89, 1.19, 0.14), HVA (-18.02, -30.99, -5.04, 0.01), MHPG (0.11, -2.96, 3.17, 0.95) and GABA (-33.20, -51.79, -14.62, 0.00) (mean difference, lower 95{\%} CL, upper 95{\%} CL, p-value). Most studies were influenced by risk of bias mainly due to small sample sizes, and not considering potential confounders as age, gender, severity of depression, body height and position during lumbar puncture, analytics of biomarkers and medication.CONCLUSION: The evidence for CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, DOPEG and GABA being related to the pathophysiology of MDD is poor. Future controlled studies of monoamines or metabolites should validate the null i.e., that the concentrations of these compounds are not abnormal in MDD.",
author = "Josefine Pech and Julie Forman and Kessing, {Lars Vedel} and Ulla Knorr",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031",
language = "English",
volume = "240",
pages = "6--16",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poor evidence for putative abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid neurotransmitters in patients with depression versus healthy non-psychiatric individuals

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analyses of 23 studies

AU - Pech, Josefine

AU - Forman, Julie

AU - Kessing, Lars Vedel

AU - Knorr, Ulla

N1 - Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND: Although investigated for decades, surprisingly no systematic review has ever been published on monoamines concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in major depressive disorder (MDD) versus healthy individuals (HC).METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analyses according to the PRISMA Statement based on comprehensive database searches for studies on CSF biomarkers of monoamines and their precursor and/or metabolites, and glutamine, glutamate and GABA in MDD versus HC. Risk of bias was systematically assessed.RESULTS: A total of 23 studies were included. Statistically significantly decreased levels between MDD and HC were found regarding CSF 5-HIAA (n = 2/13 (15%)), HVA (n = 2/11 (18%)), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13%)), and GABA (n = 2/4 (50%)), while increased levels were reported regarding NE (n = 1/2 (50%)), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13%)) and DOPEG (n = 1/1 (100%)). A majority of the studies found no statistically significant differences between MDD and HC regarding CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, glutamine, glutamate and GABA. Meta-analyses showed: 5-HIAA (-3.85, -8.89, 1.19, 0.14), HVA (-18.02, -30.99, -5.04, 0.01), MHPG (0.11, -2.96, 3.17, 0.95) and GABA (-33.20, -51.79, -14.62, 0.00) (mean difference, lower 95% CL, upper 95% CL, p-value). Most studies were influenced by risk of bias mainly due to small sample sizes, and not considering potential confounders as age, gender, severity of depression, body height and position during lumbar puncture, analytics of biomarkers and medication.CONCLUSION: The evidence for CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, DOPEG and GABA being related to the pathophysiology of MDD is poor. Future controlled studies of monoamines or metabolites should validate the null i.e., that the concentrations of these compounds are not abnormal in MDD.

AB - BACKGROUND: Although investigated for decades, surprisingly no systematic review has ever been published on monoamines concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in major depressive disorder (MDD) versus healthy individuals (HC).METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analyses according to the PRISMA Statement based on comprehensive database searches for studies on CSF biomarkers of monoamines and their precursor and/or metabolites, and glutamine, glutamate and GABA in MDD versus HC. Risk of bias was systematically assessed.RESULTS: A total of 23 studies were included. Statistically significantly decreased levels between MDD and HC were found regarding CSF 5-HIAA (n = 2/13 (15%)), HVA (n = 2/11 (18%)), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13%)), and GABA (n = 2/4 (50%)), while increased levels were reported regarding NE (n = 1/2 (50%)), MHPG (n = 1/8 (13%)) and DOPEG (n = 1/1 (100%)). A majority of the studies found no statistically significant differences between MDD and HC regarding CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, glutamine, glutamate and GABA. Meta-analyses showed: 5-HIAA (-3.85, -8.89, 1.19, 0.14), HVA (-18.02, -30.99, -5.04, 0.01), MHPG (0.11, -2.96, 3.17, 0.95) and GABA (-33.20, -51.79, -14.62, 0.00) (mean difference, lower 95% CL, upper 95% CL, p-value). Most studies were influenced by risk of bias mainly due to small sample sizes, and not considering potential confounders as age, gender, severity of depression, body height and position during lumbar puncture, analytics of biomarkers and medication.CONCLUSION: The evidence for CSF 5-HIAA, HVA, NE, MHPG, DOPEG and GABA being related to the pathophysiology of MDD is poor. Future controlled studies of monoamines or metabolites should validate the null i.e., that the concentrations of these compounds are not abnormal in MDD.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.07.031

M3 - Review

C2 - 30041075

VL - 240

SP - 6

EP - 16

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 202812699