Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels: An Elderly Panel Study

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Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels : An Elderly Panel Study. / Kim, Kyoung-Nam; Lee, Hyemi; Kim, Jin Hee; Jung, Kweon; Lim, Youn-Hee; Hong, Yun-Chul.

I: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Bind 48, Nr. 3, 2015, s. 151-169.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kim, K-N, Lee, H, Kim, JH, Jung, K, Lim, Y-H & Hong, Y-C 2015, 'Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels: An Elderly Panel Study', Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, bind 48, nr. 3, s. 151-169. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.014

APA

Kim, K-N., Lee, H., Kim, J. H., Jung, K., Lim, Y-H., & Hong, Y-C. (2015). Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels: An Elderly Panel Study. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 48(3), 151-169. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.014

Vancouver

Kim K-N, Lee H, Kim JH, Jung K, Lim Y-H, Hong Y-C. Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels: An Elderly Panel Study. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 2015;48(3):151-169. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.014

Author

Kim, Kyoung-Nam ; Lee, Hyemi ; Kim, Jin Hee ; Jung, Kweon ; Lim, Youn-Hee ; Hong, Yun-Chul. / Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels : An Elderly Panel Study. I: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 2015 ; Bind 48, Nr. 3. s. 151-169.

Bibtex

@article{77fec15a76484f55b3a2afb623c2cf40,
title = "Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels: An Elderly Panel Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The deleterious effects of air pollution on various health outcomes have been demonstrated. However, few studies have examined the effects of air pollution on liver enzyme levels.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn up to three times between 2008 and 2010 from 545 elderly individuals who regularly visited a community welfare center in Seoul, Korea. Data regarding ambient air pollutants (particulate matter ≤2.5 μm [PM2.5], nitrogen dioxide [NO2], ozone [O3], carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide) from monitoring stations were used to estimate air pollution exposure. The effects of the air pollutants on the concentrations of three liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase [γ-GTP)]) were evaluated using generalized additive and linear mixed models.RESULTS: Interquartile range increases in the concentrations of the pollutants showed significant associations of PM2.5 with AST (3.0{\%} increase, p=0.0052), ALT (3.2{\%} increase, p=0.0313), and γ-GTP (5.0{\%} increase, p=0.0051) levels; NO2 with AST (3.5{\%} increase, p=0.0060) and ALT (3.8{\%} increase, p=0.0179) levels; and O3 with γ-GTP (5.3{\%} increase, p=0.0324) levels. Significant modification of these effects by exercise and alcohol consumption was found (p for interaction <0.05). The effects of air pollutants were greater in non-exercisers and heavy drinkers.CONCLUSIONS: Short-term exposure to air pollutants such as PM2.5, NO2, and O3 is associated with increased liver enzyme levels in the elderly. These adverse effects can be reduced by exercising regularly and abstinence from alcohol.",
keywords = "Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Air Pollutants/analysis, Alanine Transaminase/blood, Alcohol Drinking, Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood, Environmental Exposure, Exercise, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Liver/drug effects, Male, Nitrogen Dioxide/chemistry, Ozone/chemistry, Particulate Matter/analysis, Sulfur Dioxide/chemistry, gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood",
author = "Kyoung-Nam Kim and Hyemi Lee and Kim, {Jin Hee} and Kweon Jung and Youn-Hee Lim and Yun-Chul Hong",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3961/jpmph.15.014",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "151--169",
journal = "Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health",
issn = "1975-8375",
publisher = "Korean Society for Preventive Medicine",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Activity- and Alcohol-dependent Association Between Air Pollution Exposure and Elevated Liver Enzyme Levels

T2 - An Elderly Panel Study

AU - Kim, Kyoung-Nam

AU - Lee, Hyemi

AU - Kim, Jin Hee

AU - Jung, Kweon

AU - Lim, Youn-Hee

AU - Hong, Yun-Chul

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The deleterious effects of air pollution on various health outcomes have been demonstrated. However, few studies have examined the effects of air pollution on liver enzyme levels.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn up to three times between 2008 and 2010 from 545 elderly individuals who regularly visited a community welfare center in Seoul, Korea. Data regarding ambient air pollutants (particulate matter ≤2.5 μm [PM2.5], nitrogen dioxide [NO2], ozone [O3], carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide) from monitoring stations were used to estimate air pollution exposure. The effects of the air pollutants on the concentrations of three liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase [γ-GTP)]) were evaluated using generalized additive and linear mixed models.RESULTS: Interquartile range increases in the concentrations of the pollutants showed significant associations of PM2.5 with AST (3.0% increase, p=0.0052), ALT (3.2% increase, p=0.0313), and γ-GTP (5.0% increase, p=0.0051) levels; NO2 with AST (3.5% increase, p=0.0060) and ALT (3.8% increase, p=0.0179) levels; and O3 with γ-GTP (5.3% increase, p=0.0324) levels. Significant modification of these effects by exercise and alcohol consumption was found (p for interaction <0.05). The effects of air pollutants were greater in non-exercisers and heavy drinkers.CONCLUSIONS: Short-term exposure to air pollutants such as PM2.5, NO2, and O3 is associated with increased liver enzyme levels in the elderly. These adverse effects can be reduced by exercising regularly and abstinence from alcohol.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The deleterious effects of air pollution on various health outcomes have been demonstrated. However, few studies have examined the effects of air pollution on liver enzyme levels.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn up to three times between 2008 and 2010 from 545 elderly individuals who regularly visited a community welfare center in Seoul, Korea. Data regarding ambient air pollutants (particulate matter ≤2.5 μm [PM2.5], nitrogen dioxide [NO2], ozone [O3], carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide) from monitoring stations were used to estimate air pollution exposure. The effects of the air pollutants on the concentrations of three liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase [γ-GTP)]) were evaluated using generalized additive and linear mixed models.RESULTS: Interquartile range increases in the concentrations of the pollutants showed significant associations of PM2.5 with AST (3.0% increase, p=0.0052), ALT (3.2% increase, p=0.0313), and γ-GTP (5.0% increase, p=0.0051) levels; NO2 with AST (3.5% increase, p=0.0060) and ALT (3.8% increase, p=0.0179) levels; and O3 with γ-GTP (5.3% increase, p=0.0324) levels. Significant modification of these effects by exercise and alcohol consumption was found (p for interaction <0.05). The effects of air pollutants were greater in non-exercisers and heavy drinkers.CONCLUSIONS: Short-term exposure to air pollutants such as PM2.5, NO2, and O3 is associated with increased liver enzyme levels in the elderly. These adverse effects can be reduced by exercising regularly and abstinence from alcohol.

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Air Pollutants/analysis

KW - Alanine Transaminase/blood

KW - Alcohol Drinking

KW - Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood

KW - Environmental Exposure

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Linear Models

KW - Liver/drug effects

KW - Male

KW - Nitrogen Dioxide/chemistry

KW - Ozone/chemistry

KW - Particulate Matter/analysis

KW - Sulfur Dioxide/chemistry

KW - gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood

U2 - 10.3961/jpmph.15.014

DO - 10.3961/jpmph.15.014

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26081652

VL - 48

SP - 151

EP - 169

JO - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

JF - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

SN - 1975-8375

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 230070302