Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins

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Standard

Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins. / Osler, Merete; McGue, Matt; Lund, Rikke; Christensen, Kaare.

I: Psychosomatic Medicine, Bind 70, Nr. 4, 2008, s. 482-7.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Osler, M, McGue, M, Lund, R & Christensen, K 2008, 'Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins', Psychosomatic Medicine, bind 70, nr. 4, s. 482-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b

APA

Osler, M., McGue, M., Lund, R., & Christensen, K. (2008). Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70(4), 482-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b

Vancouver

Osler M, McGue M, Lund R, Christensen K. Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2008;70(4):482-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b

Author

Osler, Merete ; McGue, Matt ; Lund, Rikke ; Christensen, Kaare. / Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins. I: Psychosomatic Medicine. 2008 ; Bind 70, Nr. 4. s. 482-7.

Bibtex

@article{c9b15150cb5611dd9473000ea68e967b,
title = "Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To disentangle the influences on health of selection processes related to genetic and rearing environmental factors from factors related to marriage benefits. We compared health status among same-sex male and female twin pairs who lived together during childhood and were discordant or concordant on adult marital status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of middle-aged Danish twins was conducted in 1998 to 1999. This study included 1175 same-sex twin pairs (52.5{\%} monozygotic (MZ) and 47.5{\%} dizygotic (DZ)). Data were obtained on adult marital status and on height, body mass index (BMI), depression symptoms, self-rated health, cognitive function, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake. RESULTS: Among all 2350 individual twins, men who were divorced/widowed or never married had higher depression scores, lower cognitive test scores, lower physical activity scores, and were also less often moderate drinkers and nonsmokers compared with married men. Divorced/widowed women had higher depression scores and those divorced/widowed or never married were more often smokers than married women. Within twin pairs discordant on marital status, the divorced/widowed twin had higher average depression scores and was more likely to be a smoker. Never married twins had lower physical activity scores and never married male twins had higher BMI and higher depression scores than their married co-twin. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the relationships of adult divorce with depression and smoking in Danish twins are due to the stressful effects of marital dissolution, but that marital differences in other health and behavioral outcomes are most consistent with selection effects related to genetic or rearing environmental factors.",
author = "Merete Osler and Matt McGue and Rikke Lund and Kaare Christensen",
note = "Keywords: Body Mass Index; Denmark; Depression; Diseases in Twins; Divorce; Female; Health Behavior; Health Status; Humans; Male; Marital Status; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Risk Factors; Single Person; Smoking; Twins, Dizygotic; Twins, Monozygotic",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "482--7",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marital status and twins' health and behavior: an analysis of middle-aged Danish twins

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - McGue, Matt

AU - Lund, Rikke

AU - Christensen, Kaare

N1 - Keywords: Body Mass Index; Denmark; Depression; Diseases in Twins; Divorce; Female; Health Behavior; Health Status; Humans; Male; Marital Status; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Risk Factors; Single Person; Smoking; Twins, Dizygotic; Twins, Monozygotic

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To disentangle the influences on health of selection processes related to genetic and rearing environmental factors from factors related to marriage benefits. We compared health status among same-sex male and female twin pairs who lived together during childhood and were discordant or concordant on adult marital status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of middle-aged Danish twins was conducted in 1998 to 1999. This study included 1175 same-sex twin pairs (52.5% monozygotic (MZ) and 47.5% dizygotic (DZ)). Data were obtained on adult marital status and on height, body mass index (BMI), depression symptoms, self-rated health, cognitive function, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake. RESULTS: Among all 2350 individual twins, men who were divorced/widowed or never married had higher depression scores, lower cognitive test scores, lower physical activity scores, and were also less often moderate drinkers and nonsmokers compared with married men. Divorced/widowed women had higher depression scores and those divorced/widowed or never married were more often smokers than married women. Within twin pairs discordant on marital status, the divorced/widowed twin had higher average depression scores and was more likely to be a smoker. Never married twins had lower physical activity scores and never married male twins had higher BMI and higher depression scores than their married co-twin. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the relationships of adult divorce with depression and smoking in Danish twins are due to the stressful effects of marital dissolution, but that marital differences in other health and behavioral outcomes are most consistent with selection effects related to genetic or rearing environmental factors.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To disentangle the influences on health of selection processes related to genetic and rearing environmental factors from factors related to marriage benefits. We compared health status among same-sex male and female twin pairs who lived together during childhood and were discordant or concordant on adult marital status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of middle-aged Danish twins was conducted in 1998 to 1999. This study included 1175 same-sex twin pairs (52.5% monozygotic (MZ) and 47.5% dizygotic (DZ)). Data were obtained on adult marital status and on height, body mass index (BMI), depression symptoms, self-rated health, cognitive function, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake. RESULTS: Among all 2350 individual twins, men who were divorced/widowed or never married had higher depression scores, lower cognitive test scores, lower physical activity scores, and were also less often moderate drinkers and nonsmokers compared with married men. Divorced/widowed women had higher depression scores and those divorced/widowed or never married were more often smokers than married women. Within twin pairs discordant on marital status, the divorced/widowed twin had higher average depression scores and was more likely to be a smoker. Never married twins had lower physical activity scores and never married male twins had higher BMI and higher depression scores than their married co-twin. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the relationships of adult divorce with depression and smoking in Danish twins are due to the stressful effects of marital dissolution, but that marital differences in other health and behavioral outcomes are most consistent with selection effects related to genetic or rearing environmental factors.

U2 - 10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b

DO - 10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816f857b

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18480194

VL - 70

SP - 482

EP - 487

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 9173054