Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003: A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

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Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003 : A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality. / Gerner-Smidt, P.; Ethelberg, S.; Schiellerup, P.; Christensen, J. J.; Engberg, J.; Fussing, V.; Jensen, A.; Jensen, C.; Petersen, A. M.; Bruun, B. G.

I: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Bind 11, Nr. 8, 01.01.2005, s. 618-624.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Gerner-Smidt, P, Ethelberg, S, Schiellerup, P, Christensen, JJ, Engberg, J, Fussing, V, Jensen, A, Jensen, C, Petersen, AM & Bruun, BG 2005, 'Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003: A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality', Clinical Microbiology and Infection, bind 11, nr. 8, s. 618-624. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x

APA

Gerner-Smidt, P., Ethelberg, S., Schiellerup, P., Christensen, J. J., Engberg, J., Fussing, V., ... Bruun, B. G. (2005). Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003: A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 11(8), 618-624. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x

Vancouver

Gerner-Smidt P, Ethelberg S, Schiellerup P, Christensen JJ, Engberg J, Fussing V o.a. Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003: A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2005 jan 1;11(8):618-624. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x

Author

Gerner-Smidt, P. ; Ethelberg, S. ; Schiellerup, P. ; Christensen, J. J. ; Engberg, J. ; Fussing, V. ; Jensen, A. ; Jensen, C. ; Petersen, A. M. ; Bruun, B. G. / Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003 : A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality. I: Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2005 ; Bind 11, Nr. 8. s. 618-624.

Bibtex

@article{2a043cfaca2a49ec96b47fcba779337f,
title = "Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003: A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality",
abstract = "Listeriosis is a rare, but serious, foodborne infection which, in the invasive form, presents as bloodstream (BS) infection, an infection of the central nervous system (CNS), a maternofetal infection or a focal infection. The disease is notifiable in Denmark. This paper reviews the results of the Danish surveillance of invasive listeriosis from 1994 to 2003, excluding maternofetal cases. In total, 299 invasive cases of listeriosis were reported. Two-thirds of the cases were caused by isolates of serogroup 1/2, and one-third by serogroup 4. Most (70{\%}) cases had conditions known to predispose to listeriosis. More patients with BS infection were predisposed because of concurrent underlying illness than were patients with CNS infection. Half of the patients were aged >70 years, and 21{\%} died of the disease. There was no change in the case fatality rate (CFR) during the 10-year period. The CFR was identical for men and women. BS and CNS infection caused the same incidence of mortality, but no mortality was observed in patients with focal infections at normally sterile body sites. In a multivariate analysis, isolates belonging to serogroup 4 were associated with a higher CFR than were isolates of serogroup 1/2. In patients aged <70 years, underlying conditions predisposing to disease were related strongly to mortality, which was not the case in patients aged >70 years. The underlying conditions associated most strongly with mortality in the younger age group were non-haematological malignancies.",
keywords = "Invasive disease, Listeriosis, Mortality, Multivariate analysis, Risk factors",
author = "P. Gerner-Smidt and S. Ethelberg and P. Schiellerup and Christensen, {J. J.} and J. Engberg and V. Fussing and A. Jensen and C. Jensen and Petersen, {A. M.} and Bruun, {B. G.}",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "618--624",
journal = "Clinical Microbiology and Infection",
issn = "1198-743X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Invasive listeriosis in Denmark 1994-2003

T2 - A review of 299 cases with special emphasis on risk factors for mortality

AU - Gerner-Smidt, P.

AU - Ethelberg, S.

AU - Schiellerup, P.

AU - Christensen, J. J.

AU - Engberg, J.

AU - Fussing, V.

AU - Jensen, A.

AU - Jensen, C.

AU - Petersen, A. M.

AU - Bruun, B. G.

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Listeriosis is a rare, but serious, foodborne infection which, in the invasive form, presents as bloodstream (BS) infection, an infection of the central nervous system (CNS), a maternofetal infection or a focal infection. The disease is notifiable in Denmark. This paper reviews the results of the Danish surveillance of invasive listeriosis from 1994 to 2003, excluding maternofetal cases. In total, 299 invasive cases of listeriosis were reported. Two-thirds of the cases were caused by isolates of serogroup 1/2, and one-third by serogroup 4. Most (70%) cases had conditions known to predispose to listeriosis. More patients with BS infection were predisposed because of concurrent underlying illness than were patients with CNS infection. Half of the patients were aged >70 years, and 21% died of the disease. There was no change in the case fatality rate (CFR) during the 10-year period. The CFR was identical for men and women. BS and CNS infection caused the same incidence of mortality, but no mortality was observed in patients with focal infections at normally sterile body sites. In a multivariate analysis, isolates belonging to serogroup 4 were associated with a higher CFR than were isolates of serogroup 1/2. In patients aged <70 years, underlying conditions predisposing to disease were related strongly to mortality, which was not the case in patients aged >70 years. The underlying conditions associated most strongly with mortality in the younger age group were non-haematological malignancies.

AB - Listeriosis is a rare, but serious, foodborne infection which, in the invasive form, presents as bloodstream (BS) infection, an infection of the central nervous system (CNS), a maternofetal infection or a focal infection. The disease is notifiable in Denmark. This paper reviews the results of the Danish surveillance of invasive listeriosis from 1994 to 2003, excluding maternofetal cases. In total, 299 invasive cases of listeriosis were reported. Two-thirds of the cases were caused by isolates of serogroup 1/2, and one-third by serogroup 4. Most (70%) cases had conditions known to predispose to listeriosis. More patients with BS infection were predisposed because of concurrent underlying illness than were patients with CNS infection. Half of the patients were aged >70 years, and 21% died of the disease. There was no change in the case fatality rate (CFR) during the 10-year period. The CFR was identical for men and women. BS and CNS infection caused the same incidence of mortality, but no mortality was observed in patients with focal infections at normally sterile body sites. In a multivariate analysis, isolates belonging to serogroup 4 were associated with a higher CFR than were isolates of serogroup 1/2. In patients aged <70 years, underlying conditions predisposing to disease were related strongly to mortality, which was not the case in patients aged >70 years. The underlying conditions associated most strongly with mortality in the younger age group were non-haematological malignancies.

KW - Invasive disease

KW - Listeriosis

KW - Mortality

KW - Multivariate analysis

KW - Risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=22944434564&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2005.01171.x

M3 - Review

C2 - 16008613

AN - SCOPUS:22944434564

VL - 11

SP - 618

EP - 624

JO - Clinical Microbiology and Infection

JF - Clinical Microbiology and Infection

SN - 1198-743X

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 203887483