Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania: A prospective cohort study

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Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania : A prospective cohort study. / Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod; Mushi, Declare; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf; Manongi, Rachel; Rogathi, Jane Januarius; Gammeltoft, Tine; Rasch, Vibeke.

I: PLOS ONE, Bind 12, Nr. 2, e0172540, 24.02.2017, s. 1-14.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Sigalla, GN, Mushi, D, Meyrowitsch, DW, Manongi, R, Rogathi, JJ, Gammeltoft, T & Rasch, V 2017, 'Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania: A prospective cohort study', PLOS ONE, bind 12, nr. 2, e0172540, s. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172540

APA

Sigalla, G. N., Mushi, D., Meyrowitsch, D. W., Manongi, R., Rogathi, J. J., Gammeltoft, T., & Rasch, V. (2017). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania: A prospective cohort study. PLOS ONE, 12(2), 1-14. [e0172540]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172540

Vancouver

Sigalla GN, Mushi D, Meyrowitsch DW, Manongi R, Rogathi JJ, Gammeltoft T o.a. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania: A prospective cohort study. PLOS ONE. 2017 feb 24;12(2):1-14. e0172540. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172540

Author

Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod ; Mushi, Declare ; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf ; Manongi, Rachel ; Rogathi, Jane Januarius ; Gammeltoft, Tine ; Rasch, Vibeke. / Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania : A prospective cohort study. I: PLOS ONE. 2017 ; Bind 12, Nr. 2. s. 1-14.

Bibtex

@article{bda82eb7f382421f9e49e8f4d43839d3,
title = "Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania: A prospective cohort study",
abstract = "Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide. The role of violence as an underlying factor in poor birth outcomes remains an area where strong evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and preterm delivery (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW).Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1112 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Moshi–Tanzania. The women were enrolled before 24 weeks gestation, followed-up at week 34 to determine exposure to violence during pregnancy, and after delivery to estimate gestation age at delivery and birth weight. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between exposure to IPV during pregnancy and PTB and LBW while adjusting for possible confounders. In addition, stratified analysis based on previous history of adverse pregnancy outcome was performed.Results:One-third of the women experienced IPV during pregnancy, 22.3{\%} reported emotional, 15.4{\%} sexual and 6.3{\%} physical violence. Women exposed to physical IPV were three times more likely to experience PTB (AOR = 2.9; CI 95{\%}: 1.3–6.5) and LBW (AOR = 3.2; CI 95{\%}: 1.3–7.7). Women with previous adverse pregnancy outcomes and exposure to physical IPV had a further increased risk of PTB (AOR = 4.5; CI 95{\%}: 1.5–13.7) and LBW (AOR = 4.8; CI 95{\%}: 1.6–14.8) compared to those without previous history of adverse outcome.Conclusion:Women who are exposed to IPV during pregnancy are at increased risk of PTB and LBW. The risk is even stronger if the women additionally have suffered a previous adverse pregnancy outcome. Interventions addressing IPV are urgently needed to prevent occurrence and reoccurrence of PTB and LBW.",
author = "Sigalla, {Geofrey Nimrod} and Declare Mushi and Meyrowitsch, {Dan Wolf} and Rachel Manongi and Rogathi, {Jane Januarius} and Tine Gammeltoft and Vibeke Rasch",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0172540",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and its association with preterm birth and low birth weight in Tanzania

T2 - A prospective cohort study

AU - Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod

AU - Mushi, Declare

AU - Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf

AU - Manongi, Rachel

AU - Rogathi, Jane Januarius

AU - Gammeltoft, Tine

AU - Rasch, Vibeke

PY - 2017/2/24

Y1 - 2017/2/24

N2 - Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide. The role of violence as an underlying factor in poor birth outcomes remains an area where strong evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and preterm delivery (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW).Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1112 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Moshi–Tanzania. The women were enrolled before 24 weeks gestation, followed-up at week 34 to determine exposure to violence during pregnancy, and after delivery to estimate gestation age at delivery and birth weight. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between exposure to IPV during pregnancy and PTB and LBW while adjusting for possible confounders. In addition, stratified analysis based on previous history of adverse pregnancy outcome was performed.Results:One-third of the women experienced IPV during pregnancy, 22.3% reported emotional, 15.4% sexual and 6.3% physical violence. Women exposed to physical IPV were three times more likely to experience PTB (AOR = 2.9; CI 95%: 1.3–6.5) and LBW (AOR = 3.2; CI 95%: 1.3–7.7). Women with previous adverse pregnancy outcomes and exposure to physical IPV had a further increased risk of PTB (AOR = 4.5; CI 95%: 1.5–13.7) and LBW (AOR = 4.8; CI 95%: 1.6–14.8) compared to those without previous history of adverse outcome.Conclusion:Women who are exposed to IPV during pregnancy are at increased risk of PTB and LBW. The risk is even stronger if the women additionally have suffered a previous adverse pregnancy outcome. Interventions addressing IPV are urgently needed to prevent occurrence and reoccurrence of PTB and LBW.

AB - Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide. The role of violence as an underlying factor in poor birth outcomes remains an area where strong evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) and preterm delivery (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW).Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted among 1112 pregnant women attending antenatal care in Moshi–Tanzania. The women were enrolled before 24 weeks gestation, followed-up at week 34 to determine exposure to violence during pregnancy, and after delivery to estimate gestation age at delivery and birth weight. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between exposure to IPV during pregnancy and PTB and LBW while adjusting for possible confounders. In addition, stratified analysis based on previous history of adverse pregnancy outcome was performed.Results:One-third of the women experienced IPV during pregnancy, 22.3% reported emotional, 15.4% sexual and 6.3% physical violence. Women exposed to physical IPV were three times more likely to experience PTB (AOR = 2.9; CI 95%: 1.3–6.5) and LBW (AOR = 3.2; CI 95%: 1.3–7.7). Women with previous adverse pregnancy outcomes and exposure to physical IPV had a further increased risk of PTB (AOR = 4.5; CI 95%: 1.5–13.7) and LBW (AOR = 4.8; CI 95%: 1.6–14.8) compared to those without previous history of adverse outcome.Conclusion:Women who are exposed to IPV during pregnancy are at increased risk of PTB and LBW. The risk is even stronger if the women additionally have suffered a previous adverse pregnancy outcome. Interventions addressing IPV are urgently needed to prevent occurrence and reoccurrence of PTB and LBW.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0172540

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0172540

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28235031

VL - 12

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e0172540

ER -

ID: 174470939