Inpatient admissions and mortality of anorexia nervosa patients according to their preceding psychiatric and somatic diagnoses

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Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with increased risk of mortality, but little is known about the risk of inpatient admissions and mortality outcomes in individuals with diagnoses of both AN and other psychiatric and somatic conditions. We aimed to investigate the inpatient admissions and mortality among people with AN and other diagnosed conditions using Danish national registers.

This retrospective cohort study included individuals diagnosed with AN in Denmark, born 1977–2010. We identified other mental and somatic conditions in this population. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate the risk of inpatient admission and mortality, focusing on (i) the number of other diagnosed conditions, and (ii) specific combinations of conditions diagnosed prior to the AN diagnosis. Categories of inpatient admissions considered were due to: (i) AN, (ii) any psychiatric disorder, and (iii) any somatic disorder. Additionally, competing risks survival analysis was used to calculate the cumulative incidence of inpatient admission and all-cause mortality over the follow-up period.

The study population included 11,489 individuals. The most common conditions individuals had prior to their AN diagnosis were other eating disorders (34.5%) and anxiety disorders (32.7%). During the follow-up, 3184 (27.7%), 4604 (40.1%), and 6636 (57.8%) individuals were admitted for AN, any psychiatric disorder, and any somatic disorder, respectively; and in total 106 (0.9%) died. The risk of all outcomes was highest among those who had received a higher number of other diagnoses. For most combinations, the risks of admission and mortality were increased.

Our study presents the prevalence of other conditions in patients with AN in Denmark and elucidates their association with higher rates of inpatient admission and mortality. Our findings highlight the need for comprehensive, multidisciplinary care of patients with AN considering the spectrum of other diagnosed conditions to improve health outcomes.
TidsskriftActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Udgave nummer5
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

© 2024 The Authors. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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