Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins

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Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins. / Wium-Andersen, M. K.; Dalgaard Villumsen, M.; Wium-Andersen, I. K.; Jørgensen, M. B.; Hjelmborg, J. B.; Christensen, K.; Osler, M.

I: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Bind 142, Nr. 6, 2020, s. 446-455.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Wium-Andersen, MK, Dalgaard Villumsen, M, Wium-Andersen, IK, Jørgensen, MB, Hjelmborg, JB, Christensen, K & Osler, M 2020, 'Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins', Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, bind 142, nr. 6, s. 446-455. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13238

APA

Wium-Andersen, M. K., Dalgaard Villumsen, M., Wium-Andersen, I. K., Jørgensen, M. B., Hjelmborg, J. B., Christensen, K., & Osler, M. (2020). Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 142(6), 446-455. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13238

Vancouver

Wium-Andersen MK, Dalgaard Villumsen M, Wium-Andersen IK, Jørgensen MB, Hjelmborg JB, Christensen K o.a. Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2020;142(6):446-455. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13238

Author

Wium-Andersen, M. K. ; Dalgaard Villumsen, M. ; Wium-Andersen, I. K. ; Jørgensen, M. B. ; Hjelmborg, J. B. ; Christensen, K. ; Osler, M. / Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins. I: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2020 ; Bind 142, Nr. 6. s. 446-455.

Bibtex

@article{f5736bfdde7d4644ade3ff4d8c8e4774,
title = "Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins",
abstract = "Objective: Familial and genetic factors seem to contribute to the development of depression but whether this varies with age at diagnosis remains unclear. We examined the influence of familial factors on the risk of depression by age at first diagnosis. Methods: We included 23 498 monozygotic and 39 540 same-sex dizygotic twins from the population-based Danish Twin Registry, followed from 1977 through 2011 in nationwide registers. We used time-to-event analyses accounting for censoring and competing risk of death to estimate cumulative incidence, casewise concordance, relative recurrence risk, and heritability of first depression by age using monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs. Results: During follow-up, a total of 1545 twins were diagnosed with depression. For twins at age 35 or younger at first depression, heritability was estimated to be 24.8{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 4.6–43.1{\%}), whereas at age 90 it was 14.7{\%} (95{\%} CI, 3.1–26.3{\%}). The relative recurrence risk was higher at younger ages: At age 35, the risk was 27.7-fold (95{\%} CI, 20.0–35.5) and 6.9-fold (95{\%} CI, 3.9–9.8) higher than the population risk for monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twins, respectively, while the corresponding numbers were 3.0 (95{\%} CI, 2.3–3.6) and 1.8 (95{\%} CI, 1.3–2.2) at age 90. Heritability seemed similar for male and female twins. Conclusion: Familial risk of depression, caused either by genes or shared environment, seemed to slightly decrease with age at diagnosis and an elevated concordance risk for monozygotic over same-sex dizygotic pairs suggested a genetic contribution to the development of depression.",
keywords = "depression, familial influence, heritability, twin cohort",
author = "Wium-Andersen, {M. K.} and {Dalgaard Villumsen}, M. and Wium-Andersen, {I. K.} and J{\o}rgensen, {M. B.} and Hjelmborg, {J. B.} and K. Christensen and M. Osler",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1111/acps.13238",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "446--455",
journal = "Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-690X",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins

AU - Wium-Andersen, M. K.

AU - Dalgaard Villumsen, M.

AU - Wium-Andersen, I. K.

AU - Jørgensen, M. B.

AU - Hjelmborg, J. B.

AU - Christensen, K.

AU - Osler, M.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Objective: Familial and genetic factors seem to contribute to the development of depression but whether this varies with age at diagnosis remains unclear. We examined the influence of familial factors on the risk of depression by age at first diagnosis. Methods: We included 23 498 monozygotic and 39 540 same-sex dizygotic twins from the population-based Danish Twin Registry, followed from 1977 through 2011 in nationwide registers. We used time-to-event analyses accounting for censoring and competing risk of death to estimate cumulative incidence, casewise concordance, relative recurrence risk, and heritability of first depression by age using monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs. Results: During follow-up, a total of 1545 twins were diagnosed with depression. For twins at age 35 or younger at first depression, heritability was estimated to be 24.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6–43.1%), whereas at age 90 it was 14.7% (95% CI, 3.1–26.3%). The relative recurrence risk was higher at younger ages: At age 35, the risk was 27.7-fold (95% CI, 20.0–35.5) and 6.9-fold (95% CI, 3.9–9.8) higher than the population risk for monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twins, respectively, while the corresponding numbers were 3.0 (95% CI, 2.3–3.6) and 1.8 (95% CI, 1.3–2.2) at age 90. Heritability seemed similar for male and female twins. Conclusion: Familial risk of depression, caused either by genes or shared environment, seemed to slightly decrease with age at diagnosis and an elevated concordance risk for monozygotic over same-sex dizygotic pairs suggested a genetic contribution to the development of depression.

AB - Objective: Familial and genetic factors seem to contribute to the development of depression but whether this varies with age at diagnosis remains unclear. We examined the influence of familial factors on the risk of depression by age at first diagnosis. Methods: We included 23 498 monozygotic and 39 540 same-sex dizygotic twins from the population-based Danish Twin Registry, followed from 1977 through 2011 in nationwide registers. We used time-to-event analyses accounting for censoring and competing risk of death to estimate cumulative incidence, casewise concordance, relative recurrence risk, and heritability of first depression by age using monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs. Results: During follow-up, a total of 1545 twins were diagnosed with depression. For twins at age 35 or younger at first depression, heritability was estimated to be 24.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6–43.1%), whereas at age 90 it was 14.7% (95% CI, 3.1–26.3%). The relative recurrence risk was higher at younger ages: At age 35, the risk was 27.7-fold (95% CI, 20.0–35.5) and 6.9-fold (95% CI, 3.9–9.8) higher than the population risk for monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twins, respectively, while the corresponding numbers were 3.0 (95% CI, 2.3–3.6) and 1.8 (95% CI, 1.3–2.2) at age 90. Heritability seemed similar for male and female twins. Conclusion: Familial risk of depression, caused either by genes or shared environment, seemed to slightly decrease with age at diagnosis and an elevated concordance risk for monozygotic over same-sex dizygotic pairs suggested a genetic contribution to the development of depression.

KW - depression

KW - familial influence

KW - heritability

KW - twin cohort

U2 - 10.1111/acps.13238

DO - 10.1111/acps.13238

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33010028

AN - SCOPUS:85092625991

VL - 142

SP - 446

EP - 455

JO - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-690X

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 250808678