Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders: A register-based Danish cohort study

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Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders : A register-based Danish cohort study. / Bøg, Fie Krossdal; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic; Osler, Merete.

I: Brain Stimulation, Bind 11, Nr. 2, 03.2018, s. 411-415.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Bøg, FK, Jørgensen, MB, Andersen, ZJ & Osler, M 2018, 'Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders: A register-based Danish cohort study', Brain Stimulation, bind 11, nr. 2, s. 411-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017

APA

Bøg, F. K., Jørgensen, M. B., Andersen, Z. J., & Osler, M. (2018). Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders: A register-based Danish cohort study. Brain Stimulation, 11(2), 411-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017

Vancouver

Bøg FK, Jørgensen MB, Andersen ZJ, Osler M. Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders: A register-based Danish cohort study. Brain Stimulation. 2018 mar;11(2):411-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017

Author

Bøg, Fie Krossdal ; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev ; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic ; Osler, Merete. / Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders : A register-based Danish cohort study. I: Brain Stimulation. 2018 ; Bind 11, Nr. 2. s. 411-415.

Bibtex

@article{ae46461f7c7340e9865cf0b41c075ce4,
title = "Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders: A register-based Danish cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) might increase the risk of epilepsy but the few patient studies with retrospective data from medical records do not support the hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ECT and subsequent incident epilepsy in patients with affective disorder. We also explored whether any association varied with number of ECTs and time since last treatment.METHODS: All 169,457 patients with first hospital contact for an affective disorder between January 2005 and December 2015 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry and followed for incident epilepsy from January 2005 until November 2016. The association between ECT and epilepsy was examined using Cox proportional hazard regression with adjustment for gender, age, educational level, comorbid schizophrenia, previous stroke and antidepressant and antipsychotic medication use.RESULTS: A total of 5875 patients had at least one ECT and 1873 patients developed epilepsy (Incidence rate: 213 pr. 100,000 person years) during the follow-up of mean 5 years. In patients below age 40 years, ECT was associated with a higher rate of epilepsy after adjustment for covariables (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.84; 95{\%} Confidence Intervals (CI) = [1.24-2.74]). In patients aged 41-60 years ECT was not associated with epilepsy, while for those above 60 treated with ECT the rate was lower (HR = 0.57; (95{\%} CI = [0.37-0.89]).CONCLUSION: In patients with affective disorders, we found a weak positive association between ECT and subsequent diagnosis of epilepsy in those younger than 40 years, and a weak negative association in patients older than 60 years. The associations might be subject to residual confounding from risk factors related to ECT.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "B{\o}g, {Fie Krossdal} and J{\o}rgensen, {Martin Balslev} and Andersen, {Zorana Jovanovic} and Merete Osler",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "411--415",
journal = "Brain Stimulation",
issn = "1935-861X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electroconvulsive therapy and subsequent epilepsy in patients with affective disorders

T2 - A register-based Danish cohort study

AU - Bøg, Fie Krossdal

AU - Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

AU - Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic

AU - Osler, Merete

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) might increase the risk of epilepsy but the few patient studies with retrospective data from medical records do not support the hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ECT and subsequent incident epilepsy in patients with affective disorder. We also explored whether any association varied with number of ECTs and time since last treatment.METHODS: All 169,457 patients with first hospital contact for an affective disorder between January 2005 and December 2015 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry and followed for incident epilepsy from January 2005 until November 2016. The association between ECT and epilepsy was examined using Cox proportional hazard regression with adjustment for gender, age, educational level, comorbid schizophrenia, previous stroke and antidepressant and antipsychotic medication use.RESULTS: A total of 5875 patients had at least one ECT and 1873 patients developed epilepsy (Incidence rate: 213 pr. 100,000 person years) during the follow-up of mean 5 years. In patients below age 40 years, ECT was associated with a higher rate of epilepsy after adjustment for covariables (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.84; 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) = [1.24-2.74]). In patients aged 41-60 years ECT was not associated with epilepsy, while for those above 60 treated with ECT the rate was lower (HR = 0.57; (95% CI = [0.37-0.89]).CONCLUSION: In patients with affective disorders, we found a weak positive association between ECT and subsequent diagnosis of epilepsy in those younger than 40 years, and a weak negative association in patients older than 60 years. The associations might be subject to residual confounding from risk factors related to ECT.

AB - OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) might increase the risk of epilepsy but the few patient studies with retrospective data from medical records do not support the hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ECT and subsequent incident epilepsy in patients with affective disorder. We also explored whether any association varied with number of ECTs and time since last treatment.METHODS: All 169,457 patients with first hospital contact for an affective disorder between January 2005 and December 2015 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry and followed for incident epilepsy from January 2005 until November 2016. The association between ECT and epilepsy was examined using Cox proportional hazard regression with adjustment for gender, age, educational level, comorbid schizophrenia, previous stroke and antidepressant and antipsychotic medication use.RESULTS: A total of 5875 patients had at least one ECT and 1873 patients developed epilepsy (Incidence rate: 213 pr. 100,000 person years) during the follow-up of mean 5 years. In patients below age 40 years, ECT was associated with a higher rate of epilepsy after adjustment for covariables (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.84; 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) = [1.24-2.74]). In patients aged 41-60 years ECT was not associated with epilepsy, while for those above 60 treated with ECT the rate was lower (HR = 0.57; (95% CI = [0.37-0.89]).CONCLUSION: In patients with affective disorders, we found a weak positive association between ECT and subsequent diagnosis of epilepsy in those younger than 40 years, and a weak negative association in patients older than 60 years. The associations might be subject to residual confounding from risk factors related to ECT.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017

DO - 10.1016/j.brs.2017.11.017

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29203131

VL - 11

SP - 411

EP - 415

JO - Brain Stimulation

JF - Brain Stimulation

SN - 1935-861X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 187578160