Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults

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Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults. / Lim, Youn-Hee; Kim, Ho; Kim, Jin Hee; Bae, Sanghyuk; Park, Hye Yin; Hong, Yun-Chul.

I: Environmental Health Perspectives, Bind 120, Nr. 7, 2012, s. 1023-1028.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Lim, Y-H, Kim, H, Kim, JH, Bae, S, Park, HY & Hong, Y-C 2012, 'Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults', Environmental Health Perspectives, bind 120, nr. 7, s. 1023-1028. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104100

APA

Lim, Y-H., Kim, H., Kim, J. H., Bae, S., Park, H. Y., & Hong, Y-C. (2012). Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(7), 1023-1028. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104100

Vancouver

Lim Y-H, Kim H, Kim JH, Bae S, Park HY, Hong Y-C. Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2012;120(7):1023-1028. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104100

Author

Lim, Youn-Hee ; Kim, Ho ; Kim, Jin Hee ; Bae, Sanghyuk ; Park, Hye Yin ; Hong, Yun-Chul. / Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults. I: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2012 ; Bind 120, Nr. 7. s. 1023-1028.

Bibtex

@article{12c0ca02b61c4ba5b399b775d686eee8,
title = "Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Although the effect of air pollution on various diseases has been extensively investigated, few studies have examined its effect on depression.OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of air pollution on symptoms of depression in an elderly population.METHODS: We enrolled 537 participants in the study who regularly visited a community center for the elderly located in Seoul, Korea. The Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (SGDS-K) was used to evaluate depressive symptomatology during a 3-year follow-up study. We associated ambient air pollutants with SGDS-K results using generalized estimating equations (GEE). We also conducted a factor analysis with items on the SGDS-K to determine which symptoms were associated with air pollution.RESULTS: SGDS-K scores were positively associated with interquartile range (IQR) increases in the 3-day moving average concentration of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) [17.0{\%} increase in SGDS-K score, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 4.9{\%}, 30.5{\%}], the 0-7 day moving average of nitrogen dioxide [NO2; 32.8{\%} (95{\%} CI: 12.6{\%}, 56.6{\%})], and the 3-day moving average of ozone [O3; 43.7{\%} (95{\%} CI: 11.5{\%}, 85.2{\%})]. For these three pollutants, factor analysis showed that air pollution was more strongly associated with emotional symptoms such as feeling happy and satisfied than with somatic or affective symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that increases in PM10, NO2, and O3 may increase depressive symptoms among the elderly. Of the symptoms evaluated, ambient air pollution was most strongly associated with emotional symptoms.",
keywords = "Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Air Pollution/adverse effects, Depressive Disorder/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nitrogen Dioxide/toxicity, Ozone/toxicity, Particulate Matter/toxicity",
author = "Youn-Hee Lim and Ho Kim and Kim, {Jin Hee} and Sanghyuk Bae and Park, {Hye Yin} and Yun-Chul Hong",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1104100",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
pages = "1023--1028",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults

AU - Lim, Youn-Hee

AU - Kim, Ho

AU - Kim, Jin Hee

AU - Bae, Sanghyuk

AU - Park, Hye Yin

AU - Hong, Yun-Chul

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - BACKGROUND: Although the effect of air pollution on various diseases has been extensively investigated, few studies have examined its effect on depression.OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of air pollution on symptoms of depression in an elderly population.METHODS: We enrolled 537 participants in the study who regularly visited a community center for the elderly located in Seoul, Korea. The Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (SGDS-K) was used to evaluate depressive symptomatology during a 3-year follow-up study. We associated ambient air pollutants with SGDS-K results using generalized estimating equations (GEE). We also conducted a factor analysis with items on the SGDS-K to determine which symptoms were associated with air pollution.RESULTS: SGDS-K scores were positively associated with interquartile range (IQR) increases in the 3-day moving average concentration of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) [17.0% increase in SGDS-K score, 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.9%, 30.5%], the 0-7 day moving average of nitrogen dioxide [NO2; 32.8% (95% CI: 12.6%, 56.6%)], and the 3-day moving average of ozone [O3; 43.7% (95% CI: 11.5%, 85.2%)]. For these three pollutants, factor analysis showed that air pollution was more strongly associated with emotional symptoms such as feeling happy and satisfied than with somatic or affective symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that increases in PM10, NO2, and O3 may increase depressive symptoms among the elderly. Of the symptoms evaluated, ambient air pollution was most strongly associated with emotional symptoms.

AB - BACKGROUND: Although the effect of air pollution on various diseases has been extensively investigated, few studies have examined its effect on depression.OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of air pollution on symptoms of depression in an elderly population.METHODS: We enrolled 537 participants in the study who regularly visited a community center for the elderly located in Seoul, Korea. The Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (SGDS-K) was used to evaluate depressive symptomatology during a 3-year follow-up study. We associated ambient air pollutants with SGDS-K results using generalized estimating equations (GEE). We also conducted a factor analysis with items on the SGDS-K to determine which symptoms were associated with air pollution.RESULTS: SGDS-K scores were positively associated with interquartile range (IQR) increases in the 3-day moving average concentration of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) [17.0% increase in SGDS-K score, 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.9%, 30.5%], the 0-7 day moving average of nitrogen dioxide [NO2; 32.8% (95% CI: 12.6%, 56.6%)], and the 3-day moving average of ozone [O3; 43.7% (95% CI: 11.5%, 85.2%)]. For these three pollutants, factor analysis showed that air pollution was more strongly associated with emotional symptoms such as feeling happy and satisfied than with somatic or affective symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that increases in PM10, NO2, and O3 may increase depressive symptoms among the elderly. Of the symptoms evaluated, ambient air pollution was most strongly associated with emotional symptoms.

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Air Pollution/adverse effects

KW - Depressive Disorder/epidemiology

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Nitrogen Dioxide/toxicity

KW - Ozone/toxicity

KW - Particulate Matter/toxicity

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1104100

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1104100

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22514209

VL - 120

SP - 1023

EP - 1028

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 230072217